Token Economy (treatment for drug addiction)

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Outline the treatment
Works on the basis of operant conditioning: secondary reinforcers in the form of tokens work as positive reinforcement that is given after desirable behaviour is displayed by the addicts. these can then be exchanged for primary reinforcers
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Define shaping
shaping is where over time it becomes harder to earn the tokens e.g. in the past could earn a token for 1 day abstinence now only earns one for 3 days abstinence
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define three strengths of token economy
relatively cheap, works immediately, Olmstead found that there were longer periods of abstinence for those who had the chance to win prize draw entries for abstinence
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define three weaknesses of token economy
dependence on the programme: may not work outside the institutional setting, time consuming for the staff, relies on consistency from staff to make the programme successful
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you're gnna rock this exam lads
thanks mom
5 of 5

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define shaping

Back

shaping is where over time it becomes harder to earn the tokens e.g. in the past could earn a token for 1 day abstinence now only earns one for 3 days abstinence

Card 3

Front

define three strengths of token economy

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

define three weaknesses of token economy

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

you're gnna rock this exam lads

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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