Tohuku

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  • Created by: Ruth
  • Created on: 09-05-14 09:53
Where?
NE Japan, Destructive boundary between Pacific and North American plates
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Epicentre
128km off the east coast, focus of 32km
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Magnitude
5th largest EQ ever, magnitude of 9.0
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Tsunami waves
40.5m in Miyako, flooded 217 square miles and 10 tsunami evacuation points
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When?
11th March 2011
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Death toll
15,883
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Injured
6,146
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Services
4 million homes without electricity and 1.5 million without water
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Fukishima
Level 5 meltdown in 3 of the nuclear reactors due to the tsunami, so residents within a 20 mile radius were evacuated
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Buildings
129,225 buildings collapsed and 254,204 half-collapsed
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Cost
$235 billion
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Early warning system
Tokyo residents were warned 1 minute before they felt the tremors
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Tsunami warning system
An upgraded tsunami warning system has since been installed. Japanese Meteorological Agency were criticised for underestimating the tsunami
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Schools
Japan EQ Day 1st September + schools required to teach earthquake drills 4 times a year. However, only 58% of people headed for higher ground - poor behavioural responses
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Aid
$1 billion in donations
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Hazard mapping
not effective because it gave a false sense of security - did not account for scale of tsunami - 10 evacuation points flooded
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Emergency rescue
Fire crews, rescue teams and volunteers searched, though found few. Teams offered by France - 134, and East Timor - 100, as well as Australia and the UK.
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HDI
0.912 - 6th most developed country in the world
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Epicentre

Back

128km off the east coast, focus of 32km

Card 3

Front

Magnitude

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Tsunami waves

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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