Timeline of Russia 1855 - 1964

Alexander II becomes tsar
1855
1 of 107
Treaty of Paris ends Crimean War
1856
2 of 107
Creation of State Bank. Reform of tax collection
1860
3 of 107
Abolition of serfdom
1861
4 of 107
Military reforms
1862-74
5 of 107
Polish revolt
1863
6 of 107
Local government zemstva established. Judiciary reform. Elementary school reform
1864
7 of 107
Censorship reform
1865
8 of 107
Assassination attempt on Alexander II
1866
9 of 107
Church reforms
1867-69
10 of 107
City/town government reform and the introduction of dumas
1870
11 of 107
Military service reforms. Populists begin 'go to the people'
1874
12 of 107
Revolutionary populist organisation: Land and Liberty
1876-79
13 of 107
Russo-Turkish War
1877-78
14 of 107
Terrorist organisation, The People's Will, established
1879
15 of 107
Assassination of Alexander II
1881
16 of 107
Pogroms; May Laws. Counter-reform in censorship
1881-82
17 of 107
Creation of Peasant Land Bank
1883
18 of 107
Counter-reform in education. Counter-reform in the church
1884
19 of 107
Nobles' Land Bank; abolition of poll tax
1885
20 of 107
Russification in borderlands
1885-1990
21 of 107
Revival of The People's Will by St Petersburg students
1886
22 of 107
Vyshnegradsky as Minister of Finance
1887-92
23 of 107
Land Captains established
1889
24 of 107
Zemstvo counter-reform (restricting franchise)
1890
25 of 107
Widespread famine
1891-92
26 of 107
Witte as Minister of Finance
1892-1903
27 of 107
Town/city government counter-reform (restricting franchise)`
1892
28 of 107
Death of Alexander III; accession of Nicholas II
1894
29 of 107
Russia adopts the Gold Standard
1897
30 of 107
Foundation of Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party
1898
31 of 107
Socialist Revolutionary Party established
1899
32 of 107
Economic slump follows world-wide depression and failed harvests. Agrarian and industrial unrest
1901-1905
33 of 107
Peasant disorder. Commission on Agriculture set up
1901
34 of 107
Main section of Trans-Siberian railway completed. Union of Liberation established. Social Democrats split into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks
1903
35 of 107
Labour strikes. Anti-Semitic pogroms
1903
36 of 107
Struve initiates liberal campaign of political banquets. Minister of the Interior, Plehve, assassinated by Socialist Revolutionaries
1904
37 of 107
War breaks out between Russia and Japan over Korea and Northern Manchuria
1904
38 of 107
'Bloody Sunday' massacre
1905
39 of 107
Portsmouth (USA) Peace Treaty with Japan
August 1905
40 of 107
October Manifesto promises political reform and civil rights
October 1905
41 of 107
First State Duma. Stolypin begins programme of agrarian reform
1906
42 of 107
Second Duma meets and is dissolved after four months. Stolypin alters electoral laws
1907
43 of 107
Third State Duma
1907-1912
44 of 107
Stolypin is assassinated
November 1911
45 of 107
Lena Goldfields massacre. Industrial unrest. Fourth State Duma
1912
46 of 107
Germany declares war on Russia
1 August 1914
47 of 107
Russia defeated at Battle of Tannenburg
26 August 1914
48 of 107
Tsar assumes command of armed forces. Progressive bloc formed. Political crisis
6 September 1915
49 of 107
Brusilov offensive
June-October 1915
50 of 107
Murder of Rasputin
30 December 1915
51 of 107
Strikes and civil unrest in Petrograd
January-February 1917
52 of 107
International Women's Day March in Petrograd. Women's Day march turns into workers' demonstration
23 February 1917
53 of 107
Troops refuse to fire on demonstrators and join the revolutionary movement instead
27 February 1917
54 of 107
Formation of the Petrograd Soviet and first Provisional Government
1 March 1917
55 of 107
The Tsar abdicates
2 March 1917
56 of 107
Lenin returns and formulates his April Theses
3 April 1917
57 of 107
Anti-government demonstrations in Petrograd - the 'July Days'
3-4 July 1917
58 of 107
Kornilov's coup fails and Red Guards are given arms
27-30 July 1917
59 of 107
Trotsky becomes Chairman of the Petrograd Soviet; Bolshevik majorities in Petrograd and Moscow Soviets
September 1917
60 of 107
Provisional Government members arrested. Bolshevik coup announced at the Second Congress of Soviets. Congress adopts decree on peace, land and adopts the first Soviet government
25-27 October 1917
61 of 107
Establishment of the Cheka
December 1917
62 of 107
The Constituent Assembly is forcibly dissolved
January 1918
63 of 107
Civil war commences; first Soviet constitution. 'Treaty of Brest-Litovsk'
1918
64 of 107
Establishment of Politburo and Orgburo; Communist Party is reorganised
1919
65 of 107
Polish-Soviet war
1920
66 of 107
Kronstadt revolt. Tenth Party conference. New Economic Policy (NEP). Ban on factions
1921
67 of 107
Great Famine
1921-22
68 of 107
Stalin elected General Secretary. Lenin dictates his testament
1922
69 of 107
Lenin's death
1924
70 of 107
United Opposition formed; Zinoviev, Kamenev and Trotsky removed from Politburo
1926
71 of 107
Defeat of left opposition
1927
72 of 107
Shakhty Trial. First Five Year Plan.
1928
73 of 107
Defeat of right opposition. Celebration of Stalin's 50th birthday. Call for mass collectivisation and liquidation of kulaks
1929
74 of 107
Famine in Ukraine and elsewhere
1932-33
75 of 107
Second Five Year Plan
1933
76 of 107
Assassination of Kirov
1934
77 of 107
Beginning of Stakhanovite movement
1935
78 of 107
Family law restricts abortion and divorce. Show trial of Zinoviev, Kamenev and others; Yezhov appointed head of NKVD. New constitution
1936
79 of 107
Show trial of Radek and others. Execution of Marshal Tukhachevsky and Red Army officers
1937
80 of 107
Height of Great Terror
1937-38
81 of 107
Third Five Year Plan. Trial of Bukharin, Rykov and others. Beria replaces Yezhov.
1938
82 of 107
Nazi-Soviet pact; Soviet invasion of Eastern Poland and Finland
1939
83 of 107
Soviet annexation of Baltic states
1940
84 of 107
Nazi invasion of USSR. Emergency legislation. Siege of Leningrad begins
1941
85 of 107
US Lend-Lease agreed
1941
86 of 107
Battle for Moscow
October 1941
87 of 107
Soviet counter-offensive
December 1941
88 of 107
Battle of Stalingrad
1942
89 of 107
Nazis driven back from Stalingrad. Battle of Kursk. Deportations from North Caucasus
1943
90 of 107
Siege of Leningrad broken. Soviet armies advance into Eastern Europe
1944
91 of 107
Soviet invasion of Germany. Yalta conference. German surrender. Potsdam conference.
1945
92 of 107
Beginning of Zhdanovshchina
1946
93 of 107
Famine in Ukraine. Cominform established
1947
94 of 107
Czech coup. Berlin blockade
1948
95 of 107
Leningrad Affair. Soviet atomic bomb
1949
96 of 107
Doctors' Plot
1952
97 of 107
Stalin's death. Malenkov becomes Head of State. Khrushchev becomes First Secretary of Party. Beria executed
1953
98 of 107
Khrushchev's Virgin Lands Scheme adopted
1954
99 of 107
Malenkov replaced by Bulganin as Head of State
1955
100 of 107
20th Party Conference; Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech' begins de-Stalinisation
1956
101 of 107
Economic decentralisation adopted. Anti-party group defeated; demotion of Marshal Zhukov. Sputnik launched
1957
102 of 107
Khrushchev launches maize campaign
1959
103 of 107
First manned space flight
1961
104 of 107
Cuban missile crisis
1962
105 of 107
Exceptionally poor harvest
1963
106 of 107
Removal of Khrushchev
1964
107 of 107

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1856

Back

Treaty of Paris ends Crimean War

Card 3

Front

1860

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1861

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1862-74

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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