Timbre and Dynamics

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  • Created by: zoe
  • Created on: 26-03-14 12:03
What is timbre?
the characteristic individual sound of an instrument or voice
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What does timbre allow us to tell the difference between?
the sounds of different instruments
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What is the note we hear most clearly called?
the fundamental
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What are the faint higher pitches we hear created by vibrations called?
harmonics or overtones
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Why is timbre important to the composer?
it adds a special quality to the music which helps create mood and feeling
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What are the eight technology-based timbres?
reverb, distortion, chorus, multi-tracking, compression, vocoder, sequencer and panning
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When does panning occur?
when the sound is electronically moved across from one speaker to another, or is separated into different speakers
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What is a sequencer?
an electronic device or computer program that is used to record, edit and play back music data using MIDI
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What does compression do?
boosts the level of the quietest sounds in a piece of music, so that they balance with the louder sounds
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What is a vocoder?
a device for synthesising speech
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What is multi-tracking?
a recording technique in which different tracks of sound are recorded separately but can be played back together
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What is a chorus?
when a recorded voice/instrument is multiplied electronically, producing the effect of one voice or instrument sounding like many
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What type of sound can be created by distortion?
aggressive
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What is reverb?
when a sound lasts longer because it is reflected between the walls, floor and ceiling of a room
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What can reverb be used to improve?
tone-quality
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What is a synthesiser?
an electronic instrument which can combine waveforms to imitate the sounds of other instruments
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What is a sample?
an electronic recording of a sound that can be reproduced at any pitch, using a keyboard
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What does con arco mean?
playing stringed instruments with a bow
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What does pizzicato mean?
when string instruments are plucked rather than using a bow
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What does con sordino mean?
play with a mute
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What does double stopping mean?
when string players bow two notes simultaneously on different strings
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What does tremelo mean?
rapid up and down movements of the bow on the strings created an agitated, shimmering effect
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What does falsetto mean?
male singers singing higher than their normal range
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What does vibrato mean?
rapidly changing the pitch of a note to sound like quivering/shaking to add warmth and expression
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What are dynamics?
the varying levels of loudness or softness in a piece of music
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What does molto mean?
more or much
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What does poco a poco mean?
little by little
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does timbre allow us to tell the difference between?

Back

the sounds of different instruments

Card 3

Front

What is the note we hear most clearly called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the faint higher pitches we hear created by vibrations called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why is timbre important to the composer?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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