Theory of Forgetting: Interference

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  • Created by: Debbie
  • Created on: 04-12-13 04:23
Distinguish between retroactive and proactive?
In retroactive later learning interferes with recall of earlier learning and proactive, earlier learning inteferes with recall of later learning
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What are paired associate tasks?
Involves the pairing of two items (e.g: door and chair- stimulus and response). The learner is then prompted with the stimulus and must recall the response to that stimulus.
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Name a study that has been conducted that provides evidence for this theory
Postman (1960) or Jenkins & Dallenbach (1924)
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Key points in the experiment conducted by Postman (1960)
Control and experimental group given list of paired words to remember. Experimental given extra list with second paired word different. Conrol could recall more-suggests that learning items in the second list interfered (Retroactive)
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Key points in the experiment conducted by Jenkins & Dallenbach (1924)
10 nonsense syllables given, PPs then either slept or continued with everyday activities. PPs that slept- recalled more syllables (no interference)
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Name a study that has been conducted that is against the theory of interference
Solso (1995)- If material is more meaningful, less likely can be interfered with. If word is known before, more resistance to interference. Experiments that provide evidence are lab- no ev
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Weaknesses of the theory of interference
Describes but does not say how it happens. Also, hard to separate the idea from displacement or trace decay.
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Card 2

Front

What are paired associate tasks?

Back

Involves the pairing of two items (e.g: door and chair- stimulus and response). The learner is then prompted with the stimulus and must recall the response to that stimulus.

Card 3

Front

Name a study that has been conducted that provides evidence for this theory

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Key points in the experiment conducted by Postman (1960)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Key points in the experiment conducted by Jenkins & Dallenbach (1924)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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