Theory and Methods - Positivism and Interpretivism

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 05-09-14 12:54
Define THEORY
a set of ideas that provides an explanation for something
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Define SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY
A set of ideas that provides an explanation for the nature of human societies
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Define METHODS
means to gather information
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Define METHODOLOGIES
Key ideas about how we can learn about society e.g Positivism and Interpretivism
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What are the two types of Sociological theory
Structural Theories and Action Theories
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What is another term for STRUCTURAL THEORIES
Macro theories
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What is another term for ACTION THEORIES
Micro theories
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What does the Structural (Macro) theory claim?
That all social behaviour is shaped by social structures e.g Functionalism or Marxism
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What does the Action (Micro) theory claim?
That people are more creative and have more freedom than the structural theory assumes e.g. interactionism
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What is functionalism also known as ?
Consensus theory
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What is Marxism also known as?
Conflict theory
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What does POSITIVISM claim?
That sociology can use scientific methods to study society
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What do type of data do POSITIVISTS want? (Name 6)
1. Quantitative 2. Objective 3. Reliable 4.Generalised 5.Verifiable 6.Representative
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What type of PRIMARY DATA do POSITIVISTS use? (4)
1.Lab experiments, 2.Questionnaires, 3.Structured Interviews, 4. Structured non-participant observation
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What type of SECONDARY DATA do POSITIVISTS use? (2)
1. Official Statistics 2. Previous quantitative data
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Define SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY

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A set of ideas that provides an explanation for the nature of human societies

Card 3

Front

Define METHODS

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Card 4

Front

Define METHODOLOGIES

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Card 5

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What are the two types of Sociological theory

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