Theories of talk

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Robin Lakoff's 3 rules of politeness
1. Don't Impose 2. Give Options 3. Make others feel good
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Brown & Levinson: Positive Politeness
Show people that we like/admire/have sympathy with them. Avoid disagreements (i.e choose 'safe' topics for conversation). Assert what you have in common and agree on.
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Brown & Levinson: Negative Politeness
Being indirect to avoid intrusion. Using hedges or questions. Using superior forms of address (e.g. 'sir'). Being apologetic.
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Zimmerman
Men are more likely to interrupt during mixed-sex conversations.
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Grice's Maxims
Quantity, Quality, Relation and Manner
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Leech's maxims
Tact, generosity, Modesty, Approbation, Agreement and Sympathy
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Labov's 6 Narrative Elements
Abstract, Orientation, Complicating action, Resolution, Evaluation, Coda.
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Card 2

Front

Show people that we like/admire/have sympathy with them. Avoid disagreements (i.e choose 'safe' topics for conversation). Assert what you have in common and agree on.

Back

Brown & Levinson: Positive Politeness

Card 3

Front

Being indirect to avoid intrusion. Using hedges or questions. Using superior forms of address (e.g. 'sir'). Being apologetic.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Men are more likely to interrupt during mixed-sex conversations.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Quantity, Quality, Relation and Manner

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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