theme 3- relgious responses to the problem of evil- Augustinian type theodicy

what is Augustines theodicy?
not a compact singular work, more a strand that runs throughout much of his literary output
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evil as a consequence of sin
Gods creation was orginially free from evil, it did not exist before the sin of angels and humans. first came into existence when angels and humans misused their wills and turned from God
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the corruption of the universe
Humans and angels are both part of the created order and therefore are susceptiable to change and therefore have the capability of turning away from God- this turning brings evil
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why is God not responsible for evil?
as the gift of free will necessarily entails the concept of moral responsibility, it is humans that are ultimately responsible for sin and evil- not God, as humans voluntarily choose sin
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evil as a privation
evil is not a substance or part of the created order- not something God created, as he is omnibenevolent
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what is evil if its not a substance?
evil indicates an absence or privation of part of Gods created order- the turning away is a privation of Gods orginal created order and purpose
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the potential for evil
God made every good thing, but every good thing has the potential to be corrupted- the fact that things do corrupt shows they are in their nature good, evil is when they lose some of their goodness
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Augustines metaphor
darkness in the absense of light
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the fall of human beings and creation
all human beings are descended from Adam- seminally present- all human beings share Adams guilt and sin- all deserve punishment
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why do we suffer natural evil?
direct result of the absence of good caused by the turning away from God and bringing corruption into the created order
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the cross overcomes evil, soul-deciding
the happy mistake- if it were not for the fall of Adam and Eve, therefore all human beings, then God would never have needed to send Jesus to save us from sin- soul-deciding theodicy
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Challenges to Augustinian type theodicies- validity of accounts in genesis
Augustines theodicy relies heavily on the accounts of the creation and the fall in genesis being taken literally- if the scripture is taken as non-literal and mythological, any claim of historicity relating to the accounts become suspect
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challenges to Augustinian type theodicies-scientific error
the idea that all human beings deserve to be punished because they are descended from Adam fails because it is a biological impossibility- idea that one persons sin is transferred to all humanity is impossible
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challenges to Augustinian type theodicies- contradiction of perfect order becoming chaotic
the perfect world becoming imperfect contradicts all geological scientific records- geology sees the nature of the world as chaotic and unpredictable, so would deny a movement from inital perfection
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Card 2

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evil as a consequence of sin

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Gods creation was orginially free from evil, it did not exist before the sin of angels and humans. first came into existence when angels and humans misused their wills and turned from God

Card 3

Front

the corruption of the universe

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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why is God not responsible for evil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

evil as a privation

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Preview of the front of card 5
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