The Use And Abuse Of Drugs

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What three factors are determined when doing Drug Trials?
Toxicity - is it poisonous?, Efficiency - does is work?, Dosage - How much is effective
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How is a drug trial carried out? There are 3 steps in this process.
1) The drug is tested out using computer cells and human cells grown in the laboratory. 2) They are tested on animals and monitored for any side effects. 3) They are tested in clinical trials on healthy volunteers - Side effects may occur.
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What is the Placebo Effect and how do Double Trials aim to minimise it?
The placebo effect is when a drug should really have positive effects, rather than people feeling better simply because they expect to. Neither doctors or patients are told which is the Placebo until the end of the trial.
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What are Statins and how do they work?
Statins are drugs used to lower the level of LDL Cholesterol in the blood. They work by blocking the chemical in the liver that produces cholesterol.
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Who might use Statins, and what are the two main side effects that may affect the users?
Diabetic people, People with a family history of heart attacks, and increasing age. They may result in liver failure and skeletal muscle damage.
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What is a Thalidomide and what problem did it cause?
It was a medical drug that was originally developed as a sleeping pill, but was discovered to stop morning sickness in pregnancy. However it caused seriously deformed limbs to new born babies in the 1950's-60's.
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What two things is Thalidomide used for today and why is it allowed?
To treat Leprosy and Bone Cancer. It is heavily regulated.
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What 4 common side effects are there for using Legal/Illegal Drugs and what 2 separate side effects are there?
Mental health problems, Financial problems, Users may turn to crime and Death (BOTH). LEGAL - Drug abuse. ILLEGAL - Law and Order problems.
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What Type of a Drug is Nicotine, name 2 side effects of it's drug abuse.
Stimulant - Can cause cancer long-term, Highly addictive
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What Type of a Drug is Alcohol, name 2 side effects of it's drug abuse.
Depressant - Impaired judgement, Slurred Speech
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What Type of a Drug is Cannabis, name 2 side effects of it's drug abuse.
Hallucinogen - May cause anxiety, May cause panic attacks
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What Type of a Drug is Heroin, name 2 side effects of it's drug abuse.
Strong Painkiller - Death, Slows down body functioning
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What Type of a Drug is Ecstacy, name 2 side effects of it's drug abuse.
Stimulant - Death, Panic Attacks
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What is the main issue of using drugs?
Once you stop using them, you may suffer withdrawal symptoms.
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What is the differences between a Medicinal Drug and Recreational Drug?
A medicinal drug is legally prescript by a doctor whereas a Recreational Drug is taken by people to alter their moods - These can be legal or illegal in some states.
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Why might athletes take Performance Enhancing Drugs, and what are the to main types of these?
Because athletes are under pressure to perform well, they will uses Stimulants or Anabolic Steroids.
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What are Beta-Blockers, EPO Hormone and Diuretics and who might use them?
Beta-blockers calm the nerves - Snooker players. EPO increases red blood cell count - Cyclists. Diuretics reduce weight and produce extra urine - Jockeys.
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What are 5 Health Risks associated with misusing drugs?
Weakens immune system, Nausea, Liver problems, Brain Damage an Body fluctuations.
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What are 5 Social Risks associated with misusing drugs?
Health and wellbeing problems, education problems, employment problems, Financial problems and Law problems.
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Card 2

Front

How is a drug trial carried out? There are 3 steps in this process.

Back

1) The drug is tested out using computer cells and human cells grown in the laboratory. 2) They are tested on animals and monitored for any side effects. 3) They are tested in clinical trials on healthy volunteers - Side effects may occur.

Card 3

Front

What is the Placebo Effect and how do Double Trials aim to minimise it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are Statins and how do they work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who might use Statins, and what are the two main side effects that may affect the users?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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