The use and abuse of Drugs

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  • Created by: Louise98
  • Created on: 11-04-14 20:38
What is a drug?
A substance that alters the way that the mind/body works.
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What are medicinal drugs?
Medicinal drugs are medically useful like antibiotics. For some of these drugs you don't need a prescription e.g paracetamol but for morphine you do becasue they are dangerous if misused.
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What are recreational drugs?
Recreational drugs are types of drugs that are taken for pleasure.
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painkillers
stop nerve impulses so that no pain is felt.
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What does withdrawal mean?
The side-effects of not taking the drug e.g sweating, shaking and pain.
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What does addicted/defendent mean?
You cannot properly function properly without the drug.
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tolerance
when a person has been taking a drug for a long time they may feel the need to take bigger doses for the same drug to have the same effect.
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performance enhancers
Can be abused by athletes who use them to develop muscles e.g. anabolic steroids.
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Prescription
required from the doctor before you can get certain drugs e.g. antibiotics such as penicillin
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rehabiliation
the treatment designed to stop a person using a drug which they are addicted to.
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depressant
A type of drug which slows down the brain's activity by blocking nerve impulses e.g. alcohol
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stimulant
a type of drug which speeds up the brain's activity by increasing the number of nerve impulses e.g. nicotine and caffeine.
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hallucinogens
distort what is seen and heard
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class A
drugs in this class are considered the most harmful e.g heroin, cocaine, ecstasy, magic mushrooms. Prison sentence can be up to 11 years.
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Class B
Drugs in this class include cannabis and amphetamines. Prison sentence is up to 7 years.
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Class C
Drugs in this class include tranquilizers and some painkillers. Prison sentence up to 3 years.
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Nicotine
The drug in tobacco which makes people addicted to smoking.
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stimulants
Make them more alert
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naracotics/ analgesics
helps them to get into action quicker after accidents.
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Anabolic Steroids
increase muscle mass and develop bone growth.
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Diuretics
increase the amount of urine produced and to increase kidney function. It also causes rapid weight loss.
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What is blood doping?
Blood doping includes high altitude training and removing blood cells then reinserting them just before a race. Blood doping is illegal.
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What are the laboratory tests on new drugs trying to find out ?
If the drugs are toxic or poisonous.
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What happens in stage 2?
If results are promising tests begin on whole animals. They are carried out to see whether the drug works or has any side affects.
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What happens in stage 3?
Clinical trials on humans begin. The first stage is the drug is introduced to 20-30 healthy volunteers who are monitered for side affects. The drug is then administrated to those who have terminal illnesses.
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What is a placebo?
a dummy of a drug which is given to a group of patients whilst the other group has a real one because some people may feel better because they think they are being given the drug.
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What happens in Stage 4?
the drug is licensed by the government to be sold in stores.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are medicinal drugs?

Back

Medicinal drugs are medically useful like antibiotics. For some of these drugs you don't need a prescription e.g paracetamol but for morphine you do becasue they are dangerous if misused.

Card 3

Front

What are recreational drugs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

painkillers

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does withdrawal mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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