The Truman doctrine and the Marshal Plan

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The Truman Doctrine
March 1947, Committed the US to provide military and economic resources to stop the spread of communism (containment). Soviets responded with creating Cominform.
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Cominform
1947, Information Bureau created to organise the communist governments of Eastern Europe. Dissolved in 1956.
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Satellite staes
States that are formally independant but under heavy influence from another state.
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Stalinisation of Eastern Europe
1947-1949, creation of one-party dictatorships mirroring Stalin's government. The majority of Eastern European states were Soviet satellite states by the end of 1949.
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Stalinisation of Hungary
1947, Elections rigged to ensure communist victory
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stalinisation of Czechoslovakia
1948, Coup staged to overthrow government and replace it with communist party. Leader was killed.
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The Marshall Plan
June 1947, an aid package for economic recovery in Europe, states had to agree to free trade to be eligable.
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Stalin's reactions to the Marshall Plan
Made it clear the eastern bloc wouldn't accept it, called it 'dollar imperialism', established Comecon.
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Eastern bloc
A term used to describe the communist countries of Eastern Europe
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Dollar imperialism
An interpretation of US foreign policy. Use of economic power to extend global power.
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Comecon
1949, designed to aid economic growth across the eastern bloc
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Significance of the Marshall Plan
Led to the creation of two economic areas in Europe and the economic recovery of western zones of Germany (stable again)
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US Dollar Diplomacy
US desire to have the dominant position OR US politians who were determined to avoid a repeat of the Great Depression (stimulate the economy) OR Truman encouraged tensions to justify arms spending
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Card 2

Front

Cominform

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1947, Information Bureau created to organise the communist governments of Eastern Europe. Dissolved in 1956.

Card 3

Front

Satellite staes

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Stalinisation of Eastern Europe

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Stalinisation of Hungary

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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