The Treaty of Versailles

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Section 1: land losses
Section 1: land losses
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When was the Treaty of Versailles concluded?
June 28th, 1919
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How were the Germans forced to sign it? What happened if they didn't?
They were forced to sign it on threat of war re-starting again,
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Where did Alsace Lorrain return to and when was it lost before?
To France and it had been lost by germany in 1871,
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What happened to the Saar Coalfields?
They were under the control of the L of N but France could use them for 15 years and after 15 years,there would be a plebiscite,
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what two lands was Belgium given?
Eupen and Malmedy,
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What happened to the Rhineland? What was agreed?
The Rhineland was demilitaried so no german troops were allowed into the area but French and British troops were allowed on the West side of the River Rhine for 15 years,
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What three countires were given a plebisicte to decide who they would join and what were the results?
Scheswig-North was given to Denmark and the South stayed with Germany, Silesia- Upper Silesia to Poland and Lower Silesia to stay with Germany, Memel-Some go to Lithuania and some to Germany,
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What two things was Poland given and what effect did they have on G?
Posen which contianed rich farm land, the Polish Corridor that cut off East Prussia from Germany,
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What happened to Dnazig?
It became a free city under the control of the L of N,
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What happened to Germany's colonies and how were they given to them? What does it mean?
They were given to the victorious countries as mandates which means that they had the power to rule these colonues by the League in preperation for a self-Governmetn,
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Section 2: Military restrictions
Section 2: Military restrictions
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What was the army restricted to and what was banned to do with th army?
to 100,000 men and conscription was banned,
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How was the Navy limited?
Only 15,000 men with 6 ships and 0 submarines
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what happened to military aircraft?
banned,
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What area of land was demilitaried and how?
the Rhineland- no troops or machinary in the Rhineland but Britian and French troops allowed to West side of River Rhine for 15years,
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Section 3: War Guilt
Section 3: War Guilt
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What was Germany forced to sign and what was the article number?
Clause 231 which said that Germany was guilt of starting the war?
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What did this mean the allies could do to Germany?
It meant they coul impose reperations on Germany and force her to pay a hige sum of money for the war and it also meant moral condemnation,
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What was reperations?
the idea that the defeated powers had to pay the victorious powers the cost of war,
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What are two examples of Germany doing this to other countries?
To France in 1871 after she lost the Franco-Prussian War and to Russia in March 1917
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How much of reperations did Germany have to pay in how many years?
£6.6 billion in 42 years,
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When did Germanh stop paying?
In the 1930s,
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Card 2

Front

When was the Treaty of Versailles concluded?

Back

June 28th, 1919

Card 3

Front

How were the Germans forced to sign it? What happened if they didn't?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where did Alsace Lorrain return to and when was it lost before?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened to the Saar Coalfields?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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