The Three Cold War Crises: 1957-69

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What is a flashpoint?
Another word for tension or a lead to war
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3 Cold War flashpoints?
Berlin Crises, Cuban Missile Crisis and Czechoslovakia (Prague Spring)
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What was the arms race?
Nuclear developments between Superpowers but mainly centered on the USA and the USSR.
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What was Sputnik (1957) and The 'Tsar Bomba' (1961)?
Sputnik: The first artificial Earth satellite launched by the USSR to show they were scientifically superior to the US. The Tsar Bomba: AN602 hydrogen bomb created by the USSR and was the most powerful Nuclear weapon at its time.
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Refugee problem facing Khrushchev?
Nearly 2000 refugees a day were fleeing to the west through to West Berlin which showed the communist East were weakening.
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What did the refugee problem force Khrushchev to do and how did the USA respond?
Krushchev demanded that the US left West Berlin in 6 months which Kennedy refused and guaranteed West Berlin freedom. ON August 13th Khrushchev closed the border between the East and West and began building the Berlin Wall.
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What were the four summits?
Geneva (May 1959) Camp David (September 1959) Paris (May 1960) and Vienna (June 1961). None of the summits came to a solution however neither the USSR or the USA would back down.
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What was Khrushchev's ultimatum and how did the US respond?
Khrushchev's ultimatum: Giving the US 6 months to withdraw their troops from West Berlin. Kennedy's response: Activating 150,000 reservists and increasing defense expenditures in preparation for a potential conflict over the future of the city.
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What did Kennedy do when he visited Berlin in 1963?
'Ich bin ein Berliner' a ground breaking speech in Berlin offering American solidarity to the citizens of West Berlin.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Berlin Crises, Cuban Missile Crisis and Czechoslovakia (Prague Spring)

Back

3 Cold War flashpoints?

Card 3

Front

Nuclear developments between Superpowers but mainly centered on the USA and the USSR.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Sputnik: The first artificial Earth satellite launched by the USSR to show they were scientifically superior to the US. The Tsar Bomba: AN602 hydrogen bomb created by the USSR and was the most powerful Nuclear weapon at its time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Nearly 2000 refugees a day were fleeing to the west through to West Berlin which showed the communist East were weakening.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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