The Strange Situation

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: meredith
  • Created on: 21-09-13 17:45
Natural experiment, Controlled Observation
1 of 27
Independent Variable
Types of attachment (naturally occuring IV)
2 of 27
Dependent Variable
Reunion behaviour
3 of 27
Extraneous variables
Standardised procedure in controlled observation e.g. separations from CG and stages lasted set amount of time to limit effect of EV
4 of 27
Target population
All american infants
5 of 27
Potential that mothers suffer distress if realised cause for concern if an appropriate attachment hasn't yet formed or its weak
6 of 27
Controlled observation with 8 stages which lasts 20 mins
7 of 27
Procedure 1
Quality of interaction
8 of 27
Quality of interaction
Communication, exploration, proximity, eye contact?
9 of 27
Procedure 2
Separation from CG
10 of 27
Separation from caregiver
11 of 27
Procedure 3
Reaction to stranger
12 of 27
Reaction to stranger
Stranger anxiety?
13 of 27
Procedure 4
Reunuion behaviour
14 of 27
Reunion behaviour
Settling quickly?
15 of 27
Secure Attachment (70%)
Good interactions with CG, separation protest, stranger anxiety, joy at reunion and settles quickly
16 of 27
Anxious Insecure Avoidant Attachment (20%)
No interaction, no separation protest, no stranger anxiety, no reunion behaviour, Approach Avoidance and Distant CG
17 of 27
Anxious Ambivalent Resistant (10%)
Some initial exploration, very distressed at separation, stranger anxiety, reunion behaviour clingy but also angry, doesn't settle quickly, Insecure Relationship
18 of 27
To investigate different types of attachment
19 of 27
Valid and relaiable test of attachment type- secure better for emotional, cognitive and social development- infant feels less anxiety- less blockage to stimulation- Anxiety blocks stimulation and development as it takes attention away
20 of 27
Strength 1
Implications are it could be used as a tool to identify CG's who require extra support to improve relationship and development of infant
21 of 27
Strength 2
Gathers lots of info on attachment behaviours in small time (time efficient)
22 of 27
Strength 3
Replications of research and other measures of attcachment type suggest its valid and reliable measure of attachment
23 of 27
Limitation 1
Main and Soloman (1990) published finfings few years after SS and found infants could be classified as 4th category- Disorganisation- so some infants were missclassified as D attachment was probably confused with AAR so lower validity in these years
24 of 27
Unable to organise response to distress
25 of 27
Limitation 2
SS developed in USA so may not be suitable for measuring attachment types in other cultures so might not have POPULATION VALIDITY and must be cautious before generalising results
26 of 27
Miyake et al (1985)
said Japanese infans weren't used to separation so were very distressed in SS therefore look AAR- thus may not work well or in valid way in Japan
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Independent Variable


Types of attachment (naturally occuring IV)

Card 3


Dependent Variable


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Extraneous variables


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Target population


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »