The sources of the UK constitution and examples

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Parliamentary statutes. Laws passed by the UK Parliament which have a constitutional effect.
The Freedom of Information Act 2000. Considerable public access to official documents and information.
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Conventions. Rules that are not legally enforceable but considered binding.
Collective cabinet responsibility states that members of the government should always defend all government policies.
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Common law. Unwritten laws that can be enforced by the courts.
Many individual rights and freedoms are established by common law.
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European union treaties. The UK has signed a number of treaties mostly concerning the transfer of power and sovereignty from the UK to the EU.
The Lisbon (reform) treaty of 2007 transferred power from the UK to the EU.
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Works of authority. The writings of constitutional experts which describe constitutional practice.
The rule of Law by A. V. Dicey. 19th century.
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Traditions. Customs and practices that have grown up over a long period of time. Not legal but tend to persist.
The Queen's speech.
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Card 2

Front

Conventions. Rules that are not legally enforceable but considered binding.

Back

Collective cabinet responsibility states that members of the government should always defend all government policies.

Card 3

Front

Common law. Unwritten laws that can be enforced by the courts.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

European union treaties. The UK has signed a number of treaties mostly concerning the transfer of power and sovereignty from the UK to the EU.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Works of authority. The writings of constitutional experts which describe constitutional practice.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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