The social construction of childhood

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What is the social construction of childhood?
The view that childhood is not a natural, biological lifestage, but is instead created and defined by society
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What is the opposite theory to childhood as a social construction?
The dominant framework
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What is the dominant framework?
The theory that childhood is a natural and inevitable life-stage that everyone must go through, it is biological state where children are physically and mentally immature
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What did Aries believe?
Childhood never used to exist, and chronological age was not seen as important
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Why did Aries think that children were regarded as less important?
Becuase of high imfant mortality rates, parents did not become too close to their children, and as children weren't likely to survive, very little importance was placed on them
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When did Aries believe childhood started to appear?
When church leaders atrted to see children as fragile and innocent, who needed to be safeguarded
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What is an issue with Aries theory?
There was a childhood in medieval times, it was just different to how we see it today
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What were Rogers two views of childhood?
The first was that children are sinful and wicked, so must be restrained and regulated; the other is that children are innocent and must be protected from the outside world
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How does Benedict think that children in developing countries are treated differently?
They have responsibilities from an early age, less value is placed on obedience and children's sexual behaviour is viewed differently
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Give countries as examples for Benedict's theory
Rural Boliva, Tikopia and Trobriand Islands
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the opposite theory to childhood as a social construction?

Back

The dominant framework

Card 3

Front

What is the dominant framework?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Aries believe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did Aries think that children were regarded as less important?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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