The Self

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What is Self-Knowledge?
accurate self-perceptions about how one typically THINKS, FEELS, and BEHAVES, and awareness of how those patterns are interpreted by others.
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How is Self-Knowledge measured?
Self-Perception Ratings
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What is the motivating force behind self-concept change?
Interpersonal Factors
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What is likely to induce self-concept change?
INTERNALIZING public behaviour
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What is Internalization?
act of bringing one’s private concept of self into agreement with one’s recent behaviour.
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According to Rhodewalt & Ahustdottir (1986), what are the two mechanisms behind internalization?
Cognitive Dissonance & Biased Scanning
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In Fazio et al's study (1981), how did they make participants consider their own introverted or extraverted behaviour in a biased manner?
LOADED QUESTIONS
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Why does public behaviour seem to have a greater impact on the self-concept?
• Because the self is publicly constructed and exists in RELATION TO OTHERS- REPUTATION, ACCOUNTABILITY, & SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
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Self control is defined as:
exertion of control over the self by the self. Attempt to change the way he or she would otherwise think, feel, or behave.
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What requires self-control?
Coping with stress, regulating negative affect, and resisting temptations
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In Muraven's 1999 study, what did the group undertaking Self-Control drills demonstrate after 2 weeks?
significant improvements on SC- ability to regulate physical stamina and squeeze a handgrip longer.
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What do High Social Power individuals demonstrate?
GREATER SELF-CONCEPT CONSISTENCY- greater control of their environments and freedom of self-expression. RESISTANCE to SITUATIONAL INFLUENCES
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What is Self-Concept Consistency?
the consistency with which people view aspects of themselves across varying contexts (Block 1961).
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What is Self-Concept Consistency affected by?
immediate social environment, cultural background, and the types of relationships.
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What are the two mechanisms that allow people with a positive self-concept commit dishonest acts? (Mazar, 2008)
INNATTENTION to MORAL STANDARDS & CATEGORIZATION MALLEABILITY
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What is the band of acceptable dishonesty limited by?
Internal Reward Considerations
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Card 2

Front

How is Self-Knowledge measured?

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Self-Perception Ratings

Card 3

Front

What is the motivating force behind self-concept change?

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is likely to induce self-concept change?

Back

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Card 5

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What is Internalization?

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