The roles of propaganda, indoctrination & terror in the third reich

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Who was apppointed minister of popular enlightenment and propaganda in 1933?
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What were the 2 most important forms of media?
radio & press
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How did Goebbels bring all German broadcasting under Nazi control?
creation of the Reich radio company
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In 1932 how many households owned a wireless radio? (%)
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What did the Nazi's do to solve this problem?
The government produced a cheap set the Volksempfanger (people's receiver)
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By 1939, how many households had a access to radio? (%)
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How else was broadcasting provided in public places?
Through loudspeakers
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Why was control of the press more difficult to achieve?
Germany had over 4700 newspapers in 1933
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How did the Nazi publishing house begin to control the German press? And what was the publishing house called?
Called Eher Verlag, the house bought up numerous papers so that by 1939 it controlled 66% of the German press
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What was the name of the various agencies that merged to state-control new material so that it was vetted before it got to journalists
the DNB - Deutsches Nachrichtenburo
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What did Goebbels introduce daily to provide 'guidance' on editorial policy?
daily press conferences at the Propaganda ministry
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What happened under the Editor's Law of October 1933?
Newspaper content was made the sole responsibility of the editor; it became his job to satisfy the requirements of the Propaganda Ministry or face the appropriate consequences
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How much did film audiences increase by between 1933 & 42?
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What was the name of the organisation that regulated the content of both German made and imported films?
The Reich Film Chamber
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Who was the most famous producer who was commissioned to make detailed recordings of rallies and festivals, to tell people what was happening and to encourage involvement?
Leni Riefenstahl
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What was her most famous film (1935) and what was it about?
Triumph of the Will, about the 1934 Nuremberg Rally
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Name an anti-semitic film of 1940, made to stress the 'Jewish problem'
The Eternal Jew
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What is 'Fuhrerprinzip'?
leadership principle
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Who was Hitler's official photographer?
Heinrich Hoffmann
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What 3 qualities was Nazi art said to be?
Clear, direct and heroic
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What did all working artists have to be members of?
Reich chamber of culture
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What was the name of the well attended exhibition held to publicise what art was unacceptable? And when was it?
the Exhibition of Degenerate art in July 1937
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Which artists did this exhibition include works of?
Emile Nolde, Max Beckham, Picasso & Van Gough
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What took place in May 1933 which dramatically illustrated the new nature of the Nazi state?
Book burnings in Berlin
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How many books were burnt and what was this doing to the new Germany?
20000, 'cleansing the new Germany'
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What music was banned and why?
Experimental music banned as decadent and Jazz music as it was considered 'black music'
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Which composers were given prominence as they were Hitler's favourite
Wagner and Strauss
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What is Weltanschauung?
Literally 'view of the world' or philosophy
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By 1936 each state which previously had their own police force had been centralised under whom?
Himmler as chief of police
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What does SA stand for? (German)
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What does the SS stand for? (German)
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What was the Gestapo originally?
The Prussian secret police
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In 1933 what was a significant event for the SS (involving a key personnel)
Himmler was appointed head of the Gestapo
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Therefore what did the Gestapo come under control of from that point onwards?
The SS
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Who headed the SD (Sicherheitsdienst) or security police?
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When and why was RHSA (Reich Main Security Department) created?
1939 to try to draw together state and party security aparatus into one organisation
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How many SS members were there in 1929?
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What was the SS alongside as the most powerful and feared of the organs of repression in Nazi Germany?
The gestapo
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When Hitler came to power, what were the SS authorised to act as?
auxiliary police
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What did it use in February 1933 to take suspects into 'protective custody'?
The Emergency Powers Decree
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Between 1933&39, how many Germans were convicted and imprisoned for political crimes?
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What did members of the SS HAVE to be?
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What did the SS also establish within its vast economic empire?
150 factories which exploited slave labour to produce both armaments and manufactured goods
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By 1939, how many members were there in the SS?
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What was the main branch of the SS?
The Waffen-SS
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At the Nuremberg trials what were the SS declared to be?
A criminal organisation
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What was the SS's main objective?
To create the racially pure Volksgemeinschaft -it was charged with creating a new order
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What were the two types of opposition to the Nazi party?
Active & Passive opposition
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How many members did the KPD (communists) have?
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By when had the Gestapo infiltrated the remnants of the party?
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By when had the Gestapo infiltrated the remnants of the party?
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What continued to exist? (secret)
underground cells
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What continued to exist? (secret)
underground cells
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What was the name of the most famous secret underground cell?
Rote Kapelle (Red Orchestra)
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What was Rote and what did it do?
A communist spy network which successfully penetrated elements of the government and the military, and from 1938-42 sent vital information to Moscow
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Where was the SPD (SOPADE) first based?
Prague, then Paris
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Where was SOPADE based by 1940?
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Which two youth's led the White rose group?
Hans and Sophie Scholl
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What did they do which led to their execution?
Distributed highly political leaflets which openly condemed the moral and spiritual values of the Nazi regime around students of Munich uni and towns in central Germany
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Where did most of the active resistance come from?
Conservative elites- German upper class
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Name one of the best known passive-resistance youth groups?
Edelweiss Pirates
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What type of passive-resistance groups developed in the late 1930's?
Swing groups
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Name 3 Christians who actively spoke out and put their lives at risk
Dietrich Bonhoffer, Martin Niemoller (founder of confessional church) & Bishop Galen of Munster
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What was significant about Galen?
His outspoken sermon in attacking Nazi euthanasia policy in 1941 proved so powerful that the authorities felt unable to arrest him and actually stopped the programme
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What were the 2 most important forms of media?


radio & press

Card 3


How did Goebbels bring all German broadcasting under Nazi control?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


In 1932 how many households owned a wireless radio? (%)


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What did the Nazi's do to solve this problem?


Preview of the front of card 5
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