The role of education.

HideShow resource information
What does Durkheim say are the two main functions of the education system?
it creates social solidarity and teaches specialist skills.
1 of 38
What is social solidarity?
where individual members of society feel that they belong to a commmunity that is much bigger that they are.
2 of 38
What does Durkheim say is necessary in order to produce social solidarity?
the transmission of society's norms and values through generations.
3 of 38
Why is school a society in minature, in Durkheims view?
Children learn to interact with other members of the community and follow fixed rules. this prepars children for wider society.
4 of 38
Why does Durkehim say that individuals need to learn specialist skills?
to take their place within a highly complex division of labour in which people have to co-operate to produce.
5 of 38
What do Marxists say about Durkheims theories?
they argue that educational institutions tend to transmit a dominant culture which serves the intrest of the ruling class.
6 of 38
Why do Willis and Hargreaves say that the transmission of norms and and values is not always successful?
because some students openly reject the values of the school and form anti-school subcultures.
7 of 38
What does Parsons believe are the two major functions that schools perform?
-education acts a bridge between the family and wider society. -helps to socialise young people into basic values of society.
8 of 38
How are children judges within the family, according to Parsons?
according to particularistic views that apply to only them.
9 of 38
How is status given within the family, according to Parsons?
ascribed
10 of 38
How are people judged within society, according to Parsons?
against standards that apply equally to all members of society.
11 of 38
How is statues given in wider society, according to Parsons?
Achieved throguh merit.
12 of 38
What does the exam system do, according to Parsons?
judges all pupils on merit.
13 of 38
What two major values do schools transmit, according to Parsons?
-value of achievement. -value of equality of opportunity.
14 of 38
What does Dennis Wrong say about functionality views?
they have an 'over-socialised' view of people as mere puppets of society.
15 of 38
What do Davis and Moore see as the main puprose of the education system?
a means of role allocation, sifts and sorts people according to their abilities.
16 of 38
What can role allocation lead to?
inequalities in society.
17 of 38
What do the new right see as the main purpose of the education system?
to socialise student into shared values ns provide a sense of national identity.
18 of 38
what do the new right say about how the education system should be run?
it should be run on meritocratic priciples of open competition.
19 of 38
What do the new right suggest to introduce into schools?
the market system. marketisation
20 of 38
what is marketisation?
the introduction of market forces of consumer choice and comperition between suppliers into areas run by the state.
21 of 38
why does the new right think introducing marketisation is a good idea?
because an education marlet forces schools to respond to the demands of students, parents and employees.
22 of 38
what did Chubb and Moe do in relation to giving the consumer choice?
compared the achievement of 6000students from low-income familesmin 1015state schools and private schools.
23 of 38
what dod Chubb and Moe find from their study into consumer choice?
Students from Low income families do 5% better in private schools.
24 of 38
what does Chubb and Moe's study show about state education?
state education is not meritocratic.
25 of 38
why has state education failed to to create equal opportunities?
it does not have to respond to students needs.
26 of 38
What do Marxists see as the main function of the education system?
to reproduce the inequalities of the capitalist economic system.
27 of 38
What does Louis Althusser think the education system is part of?
The ideological state apparatus.
28 of 38
What is Capitalism?
it is the idea that the people that own the means of production, are the 'ruling class' and own everything
29 of 38
What does Louis Althusser say that state apparatus reproduces?
the belief that capatalism is somehow 'normal', 'natural' and 'just'
30 of 38
What does Bourdieu believe is the main function of the education system?
to reproduce and legitimize ruling class cultute and power and to socialise the working class into a 'culture of failure' so that they take up routine of dull work.
31 of 38
What do Bowles and Gintis believe their is a close relationship between?
social relationships in the workplace and in education.
32 of 38
What does Bowles and Gintis say the correspondence priciple operates through?
the hidden curriculum.
33 of 38
What does Bowles and Gintis believe the hidden curriculum does?
shapes the work force; to produce a subservient workforce and encourage an acceptance of hierachy.
34 of 38
Why do Bowles and Gintis believe that pupils learn to be motivated?
external rewards.
35 of 38
What do Bowles and Gintis think is produced after the education system has taken its course?
a hard-working, docile, obedient workforce which is too divided to challenge authority or management.
36 of 38
Why does Giroux argue with Bowles and Gintis' theory of the role of education?
he argues that working class students donot accept the legitmacy of school. they resist the influence of the hidden curriculum.
37 of 38
What does Willis say working class 'lads' do?
they see through the smokescreen of meritocracy that tries to justify inequalities and create a counter-school cutlutre that challenges the schools dominant values.
38 of 38

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is social solidarity?

Back

where individual members of society feel that they belong to a commmunity that is much bigger that they are.

Card 3

Front

What does Durkheim say is necessary in order to produce social solidarity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why is school a society in minature, in Durkheims view?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why does Durkehim say that individuals need to learn specialist skills?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »