The Roaring 20s: Key Terms

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Constitution
A set of rules describing how the government should be run.
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Bill of Rights
A very important part of the constitution. It lists the rights every American is guaranteed.
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Congress
The Congress makes the laws, declares war and checks up on the work of the President. It is made up of two houses; The Senate and the House of Representatives.
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Senate
Each state is represented by two people in the Senate. This makes it fair because one state would not have more representatives.
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House of Representatives
Representatives are based on the number of people living in a state. The bigger the population, the more representatives it has.
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Republican
A political party who want to preserve tradition. They do not want the government to be involved in the economy and everyday life.
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Democrat
Another political party with more liberal views and are in favor of a more equal society. They will intervene if needed e.g. help the poor and elderly.
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Isolationsism
The policy of not getting involved in foreign affairs. The USA chose to support this after the events of WW1
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League of Nations
A group of countries, including Britain and France, which was designed to hep keep world peace by using diplomacy to solve problems.
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Woodrow Wilson
A president of the USA. He came up the 14 points; ideas to keep world peace, including the League of Nations. However, Congress refused to ratify joining.
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Ratify
To agree with something.
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Warren Harding
Replaced Woodrow Wilson in the 1920 election. He supported isolationism and came up with the "America First" campaign slogan.
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Melting Pot
A metaphorical way of saying that in America (the pot), lots of different cultures and nationalities would come together (melting) to become 'American'.
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Metriocracy
Where your position in society is based on how good you are.
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Communism
A political party who ran Russia. The Americans hated their policies and feared communist immigrants in the country in cased they tried to take over.
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Anarchists
People who do not like the government and caused trouble to harm it.
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Red Scare
Foreigners from E.Europe, especially Russia, were suspected of being communists, even if they weren't. The irony was that most E.European immigrants were trying to escape communism.
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Palmer Raids
Mitchell Palmer, a law officer who was blown up by anarchists (but survived) raided houses of workers who were on strike. He suspected they were communists. (Red = colour of communism)
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Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italian-born immigrants who were suspected and found guilty of of robbery and murder. They were sentenced to death by the electric chair. But were they really guilty?
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Immigration Act
The USA began to control how many immigrants came from each country. There was less from Eastern and Southern Europe countries because of the fear of communism. This was known as the Quota System.
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Quota System
Where the number of immigrants from each country is limted.
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WASPs
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants = the ideal immigrants.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A very important part of the constitution. It lists the rights every American is guaranteed.

Back

Bill of Rights

Card 3

Front

The Congress makes the laws, declares war and checks up on the work of the President. It is made up of two houses; The Senate and the House of Representatives.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Each state is represented by two people in the Senate. This makes it fair because one state would not have more representatives.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Representatives are based on the number of people living in a state. The bigger the population, the more representatives it has.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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