The Rise of Nationalism in India

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What were the principles of 'satyagraha'?
essentially non-violent, a non-cooperative movement - includes acts like boycotting British events and swadesh
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What were Gandhi's views on Western civilisation?
He criticised the greed of the raj, comparing the employement of miners to a new kind of slave trade, he highlighted the dangers of industrialisation and technology itself
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Why was Gandhi a successful politician?
Unlike others he reached and interested the masses, he lived a peasant lifestyle in his ashram making him identifiable, he had a simple and uncompromising philosophy
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Who were Gandhi's biggest supporters?
peasants and the working classes
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Why did the British find it hard to deal with Gandhi and his satyagrahas?
Because it is hard to put down his campaigns as they are not violent, this is a new method, Gandhi himself was held in estimation by anyone who came across him, he had a universal personality
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How did Congress become stronger with the satyagrahas?
numbers increased from 100,000 to 2 million, the non-cooperation movements brought many new supporters from the affluent side of peasantry and commercial castes, it was now a mass organisation
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Why did Gandhi suspend his early satyagrahas and what does this show about him?
They disintegrated into violence, its principles were not being applied, Gandhi believed Indians weren't ready to sacrifice their comforts - shows that he is unwilling to comprimise his views
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How did the 'Young Hooligans' affect Indian politics?
The 'young hooligans' were Nehru, Bose and Narayan, they opposed the conservative ideals of the moderates and under Nehru's leadership Congress changes its ultimate aim to purna-swaraj
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What were some examples of the League and Congress working together to achieve their aims?
The Lucknow-Pact, The Delhi-Muslim proposals (both were ignored by Congress in the Nehru report)
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Why was the Muslim league formed?
After the partition of Bengal it came to light that Hindus were opposed to their increased political influence, they didn't want to be overwhelmed by a Hindu majority, once constitutional change happened they felt politically handicapped
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What were Gandhi's views on Western civilisation?

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He criticised the greed of the raj, comparing the employement of miners to a new kind of slave trade, he highlighted the dangers of industrialisation and technology itself

Card 3

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Why was Gandhi a successful politician?

Back

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Card 4

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Who were Gandhi's biggest supporters?

Back

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Card 5

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Why did the British find it hard to deal with Gandhi and his satyagrahas?

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