The Restless earth

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Give examples of jobs in the primary sector
Farming, mining, fishing
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what is the Development gap?
This is the difference in the standards of living between MEDCs and LEDCs, attention is focused on how to reduce this gap
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What is meant by 'natural increase'?
This is when birth rate is higher than death rate
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What is Subsistence farming?
This is growing small quantities of variety of foods or keeping small no. of animals. Produce may be used to feed family and little is sold.
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What are some of the factors influencing Development?
Historical, Enviromental or Dependance on Primary activities
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What were some of the aims of the millenium deveopment goals?
To eradicate extreme poverty, Provide universal primary education, Promote gender equality, Reduce child mortality, Combat HIV/ AIDS
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Name an organisation which is aiming to achieve these goals
The ONE oraganisation
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Has this been successful?
More than 3 million people have joined, Managed to get support of famous people, Provides good quality, attractive youtube videos, difficult to be sure what has been achieved as they did not have set jobs
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What is Globalisation
This is the way that countries all over the world are becoming interlinked by trade, spread of ideas/cultures and industry
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What does TNC stand for?
Transnational Corporate
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Give an example of Globalisation
India
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Why did it develope so quickly?
Low labour costs, Large English speaking workforce, Encouraged MNCs to come
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How was this a good thing for India?
Living standards/ expectancy increased, Adult literacy rose, Enormous shopping centres built, brain gain as educated Indians returned home
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Give examples of NICs
Hong kong, South Korea, Singapore
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What i Fair trade?
Fairtrade means that people who make or gorw a product are paid fairly for their work, while cutting out the mddlemen
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What are the benefits of fair trade to the producer ?
Get higher price for their product (more profit), Guarenteed price, means they get a steady income and farmers are able to plan ahead, They have money to send children to school
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What is trade defeciet?
When the value of imports is more than value of exports
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What are earthquakes measured in?
The Richter scale
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What is an example of an earthquake in an MEDC?
Kobe- Japan (January 1995)
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What were the short term impacts on the people in Kobe?
over 40,000 injured, 5,500 died, 300,000 homes destroyed, economic activity stopped, transport routes distrupted
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What were the long term impacts on the enviroment?
Cracks or faults were observed, Landslide changed shape of fields
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Name 2 of the strategies that were put in place after earthquake
1) 1100 short term shelters for food and water put in place 2) Fire department hoses increased from 65ml to 100ml 3) Smart systems put in place, 4)Revised 1981 building code
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Give an example of an LEDC earthquake
Indonesia (December 2004)
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What were the names of the 2 plates ?
Indo Australian plate and Burma micro plate
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What were some of the impacts on the people?
-Problems with food supply -Many died -92,000 farms and small businesses destroyed -many lost their livlihoods -pressure on medical services -psychological affects -many children ledt without parents
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Name some of the startegies taken after the earthquake
-Launch appeal for aid -cash for work for those who had sodt jobs, families etc, -Network of tsunami warning buoys put in place
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Give an example of a destructive plate boundary
Nazca plate and South American plates
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what is the Development gap?

Back

This is the difference in the standards of living between MEDCs and LEDCs, attention is focused on how to reduce this gap

Card 3

Front

What is meant by 'natural increase'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Subsistence farming?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are some of the factors influencing Development?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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