The Reformation in Europe 1500-1564 Key Terms

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  • Created by: Eleanor
  • Created on: 29-12-13 18:28
Monarchy
A type of Government which has a Monarch at its head, the King or Queen is the Government
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Constitutional checks
A system whereby the different branches are controlled by other branches so none can gather too much power. A method of restraining absolute power.
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Absolutism/ Absolutist
Accepting or believing complete principles such as in political or ethical matters. Opposite of a monarchy with constitutional checks
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Bureaucracy
A governmental system whereby the important decisions are made by state officials not by elected representatives. Officials chosen by either merit or who they know and are
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Patronage
Distributing favors or jobs on a political basis for people who support a political campaign. (Know the right people and they can give you what you want).
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Faction
A group of people who form a minority within a larger group, this occurs especially in politics or in a court or the Government
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Theologian
A person who is an expert in Theology or religious thinking
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Monastic Order
A group of people, such as Monks, who live their lives following religious rules strictly: poverty, chastity and obedience
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Secular
Activities or ideas and attitudes that have no religious basis
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Purgatory
A Catholic belief that people who have sinned, their souls will go to a place of suffering before going to Heaven or Hell
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Excommunicaton
When a member of the church gets excluded completely from their own church
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Laity
Lay people or ordinary people, who can be Christian but not ordained not a priest or a monk
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The Papacy
The authority of the Pope
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Sacraments
Baptism, Confirmation, Marriage, Extreme unction, Holy Communion, Confession and Ordination
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Bull
An order from the Pope
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Cardinal
Direct deputy of the Pope
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Chantry
Where prayers are said for the souls in purgatory
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Dispensation
A special permission granted by the Pope
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Erastianism
The belief that secular rulers should run the Church
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Good Works
Actions which can earn Grace
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Grace
Fitness for heaven, a state of perfection
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Penance
The process of regret and ammends
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Salvation
The process of being saved
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The Word
The message of God
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Vernacular
The language of the people
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Priesthood of all Believers
Lutheran belief that everyone can become a priest
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Solafideism
Lutheran doctrine that 'by faith alone' we shall be saved
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Sola scriptura
Latin for 'by scripture alone' (Protestant view of the importance of the Bible)
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Transubstantiation
Catholic belief that bread and wine in Eucharist turn into the body and the blood of Jesus
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Vulgate
The standard Catholic version of the Bible
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Card 2

Front

A system whereby the different branches are controlled by other branches so none can gather too much power. A method of restraining absolute power.

Back

Constitutional checks

Card 3

Front

Accepting or believing complete principles such as in political or ethical matters. Opposite of a monarchy with constitutional checks

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A governmental system whereby the important decisions are made by state officials not by elected representatives. Officials chosen by either merit or who they know and are

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Distributing favors or jobs on a political basis for people who support a political campaign. (Know the right people and they can give you what you want).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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