The Psychodynamic model of abnormality and treatment

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1. What are the strenghts of the psychodynamic model?

  • It suggests disorders may be linked to unresolved conflicts due to biological needs, it offers methods of therapy which allow the patient to understand and resolve their problems and it was the first theory focused on psychological causes of disorder
  • Freud's claims are based on sunjective interpretations which are hard to scientifically test, psychoanalysis may take a long time and is expensive, childhood conicts uncovered may be distressing and possibly inaccurate and the focus is on the past
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2. What is meant by the psychoanalytical technique: hypnosis?

  • The patient is given a cue word and is asked to say what memories and ideas come into their mind, by doing this repressed thoughts emerge giving an insight into unconscious problems caused by abnormality
  • The patient enters an alternate mental state in which they can access repressed thoughts. Freud gradual lost faith in this technique as he found it difficult to hypnotise people
  • It was thought that a certain part of the mind keeps repressed thoughts in the unconscious but this part is less active during sleep, thus these thoughts are likely to appear in dreams

3. What is the psychodynamic model based on?

  • Conflict in adulthood, Freud's division of personality in the id, ego and superego
  • Conflict in development, Freud's division of personality in the id, ego and superego
  • Conflict in development, Freud's division of personality in the anal, oral and phallic stage

4. What is the aim of psychoanalysis?

  • To allow the patient to access repressed thoughts and then deal with the conflicts
  • To allow the patient to share their thoughts and feelings about abnormality
  • To allow the patient to understand the causes of their abnormality

5. What does the model suggest causes abnormality?

  • Conflicts from adulthood or at certain stages of development, anxiety from these conflicts is repressed into the unconscious mind but are again triggered in adulthood leading to physical disorders
  • Conflicts from childhood or at certain stages of development, anxiety from these conflicts is repressed into the unconscious mind but are again triggered in adulthood leading to psychological disorders
  • Conflicts from childhood or at certain stages of development, anxiety from these conflicts is repressed into the unconscious mind but are again triggered in childhood leading to psychological disorders

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