The President

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What does Mezey say about Congress?
Only legislature that has been able to say no for 200 years
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Under which Article of the constitution is presidential power described?
Article 2
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What is Barber's Presidential character theory?
Based on the individual.
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What is Wildavsky's two presidencies theory?
That there are two versions of a President: domestic & foreign.
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According to Wildavsky, why does a two presidencies exist?
Because presidents have more traditional, constitutional and statutory authority when it comes to foreign policy.
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What % of President's foreign policy is accepted?
70%
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What is Neustadt's presidential power theory?
Persuasion and bargaining are the means that President's use to influence policy.
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What is Schlesinger's theory of an Imperial presidency?
Accumulation of power over time, going beyond constitutional limits.
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What did the 1973 War Powers Act do?
Put limits on the president's power to commit troops overseas.
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How do Ashbee & Ashford (1999) describe Congress?
As a short term institution.
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What was the Supreme Court ruling of US v Belmont (1937)?
That executive agreements had parity with treaties & should be considered the 'supreme law of the land'.
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What was the Supreme Court ruling of US v Curtiss-Wright Export Coroporation (1936)?
The Court confirmed that the President was 'the sole organ of the federal government in the field of international affairs.'
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What are executive orders?
Directives or instructions that stem from legislation already passed by Congress or from the president's constitutional powers. They therefore do not require congressional approval.
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What did Joseph A. Califano Jr. (1996) say about Congress?
That Congress has 'become the King Kong of Washington's political jungle'
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What did Neustadt observe about the relationship between the executive and the legislative?
'Their formal powers are so intertwined that neither will accomplish very much, for very long, without the acquiescence of the other.'
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What did Clinton state in his 1996 State of the Union Address?
'The age of big government is over'
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Give an example of when a President has been blamed
Mishandling of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 & the banking crisis of 2008
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What does the era of imperial presidency coincide with?
America's post war dominance in economic & military affairs
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What did Obama say in 2014 regarding accusations of an imperial Presidency?
'To those members of Congress who question my authority... Pass a bill.'
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What did Republican, Peter King, say when Obama consulted Congress before imposing a military strike on Syria?
'His failure to act was a woeful abdication of the President's powers as commander-in-chief and sent the entirely wrong signal to an increasingly dangerous world.'
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Card 2

Front

Under which Article of the constitution is presidential power described?

Back

Article 2

Card 3

Front

What is Barber's Presidential character theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Wildavsky's two presidencies theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

According to Wildavsky, why does a two presidencies exist?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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