The persecution of the jews (unit 2)

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What was Anti-semitism?
Hatred of the jews- as soon as Hilter came to power in 1933 persecution of the jews started.
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What was the first act againsit the jews and when was it?
The organised 'Boycott of Jewish shops and business' in April 1933
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What happened during the boycott?
Members of the SA stood outside jewish businesses and shops to intimadate and discourge people from entering
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What happened six days later?
Reichstag passed an law whic banned all jews form working for the civil service(goverment)
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Was their any exceptions to this law?
Yes- Hitler forced pres Hindenburg to allow jews who had fought or killed for germany in the first world war keep their jobs.
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What did the Nazis do after Hindenburg died in 1936?
Able to increse the persecution of jews by banning them from public parks, swimming pools, cinemas, theatres and restaurants.
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How did things get worse for the jews in 1935?
Hilter brought in what became known as the Nuremburg laws.
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What were the two laws that made up the NL?
1. The Reich Citizenship Act 2. The Law for the protection of German Blood and Honour
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What was the Reich citizen actO?
No jew could vote or be elected to a goverment post & jews were stripped of the right to be German citizens
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What was the LFTPOGBAH?
Jews were defined as anyone who had a jewish grandparent, and forbiddden to marry or have sexual relations with German Citizens.
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How was Nazi anti-semitism differant to how the jews had been persecuted before?
Nazis said that jews inherited evil from previous generations which was present in their blood- so not being procuted for regilon and therefore could not escape it by becoming christians.
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Why did things become slightly easier for jews in 1936?
The berlin olympic games- Nazis hid all signs of persecution
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Why did become worse again in 1938?
Thrid reich now united with austria so they had a bigger jewish population they had to 'deal with'
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What did jewish parents have to do and why?
Add the name 'sara' to their dautghers name and 'Israel' to their sons to humiliate them.
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How were jewish docs and professionals affected?
Could only do business with other jews.
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When was the Crystal Night?
November 1938
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What was the Crystal Night?
A massive nationwide attack on Jewish shops, homes and synagogues by the SA
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What were the concequnces of the crystal night?
100 jews died, over 7500 jewish shops destroyed and over 400 synagogues were burnt down- over 30,000 jews were arrested and sent to CC
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Why was it called Crystal Night?
because of all the broken glass on the German streets.
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What did the Nazis say about it?
That it was an outburst of anger by oridanry people- however it was organised by Goebbels.
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What was the cause of the Crytal Nights?
A German embassy official was killed in paris by a young jew.
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What happened to jewish BUSSINESSMEN after 1938?
Goering confiscated all jewish businesses, selling them cheaply to German bussinessmen.
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What happened to Jewish CHILDREN after 1938?
Banned from German schools and universities.
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Why didn't the Jews do anything?
It was difficult as despite what Nazis said they were a very small percentage of the population (1%) and they belived it would go away as it had done in the past.
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What happened to Gypies?
Targeted because they were not Aryans- made to give up their travelling lifestyles and were eventually esterminated like the jews.
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What did the Nazis go to the mentally ill?
Thought of as a threat to the pure aryan race so such people were sterilised- during war 30,000 mentally ill people were killed as they were thought of as a drain on resources
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What were tramps and beggars made to do?
Forced labour
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What was the view on Homosexuality?
hated it- those outside of the SA were rounded up and to CC, where they were made to wear a pink badge.
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How did the SA link to Homosexuality?
Many people in the SA were homosexuals inculding Rohem himself.
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Persecution During the war Years
Persecution During the war Years
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What happened to the Jews in 1940?
Forced to move in ghettos
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What were the Ghettos like?
Walled in and policed by armed guards- conditions were terrible and starvation and diease killed 500,000- largest ghetto in Warsaw
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What did they do in 1941?
Invade the soviet union so had more jews under control
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What were soliders told to do when they invaded Russia?
Kill any jew they came across
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How did they kill the jews at first?
Rounded up and shot by 'special action squads' however this was costly and time consuming
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What was created in 1942 and where was it created?
The final soloution at the wanasea conference
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When were the jews transported to death camps?
1943- poland eg Auswitz
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Between 1942 and 45 how many jews were killed?
6 million
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How did they kill them?
Gas chambers- 2000 at a time
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Who ran the death camps?
Himmler and the SS
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What happened when the Jews arrived at the camps?
Divided into groups- workers and gas chambers
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Was hitler always going to persecute the jews?
yes war gave him the oppertunity- carry out polices that would have caused outraged and made it possible to be secret
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the first act againsit the jews and when was it?

Back

The organised 'Boycott of Jewish shops and business' in April 1933

Card 3

Front

What happened during the boycott?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened six days later?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Was their any exceptions to this law?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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