The Origins of the Cold 1945-1949

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Who was Prime Minister of Britain in 1945?
Chruchill (Winston)
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What was the ‘cold war’?
When America and Russia were enemies but they didn't declare war but did everything to oppose each other short of war
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Who was leader of Russia in 1945?
Stalin
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What do Communists Believe?
That the means of production should be owned and controlled by the government
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The USA is a ‘capitalist democracy’. What does this mean?
That property and industry should be privately owned and that the government should be elected
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Name TWO historical complaints that Stalin had against Britain and the USA
in 1918 the USA had tried to destroy the Russian Revolution and He thought that they did not help him enough in WWII
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Who was president of the USA in February 1945?
Roosevelt (Franklin D)
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List FOUR causes of the Cold War.
B.A.R.E- Beliefs.Aims.Resentment about History.Events
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Who became president of the USA in 1945?
Truman
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What could Britain and the USA not forgive Stalin for (from 1939)
Signing the Nazi-Soviet Pact W/ Germany in 1939
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What worried Britain and the USA about Stalin’s plans?
The large areas of E. Europe were falling under Soviet Control
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When did Russia develop the atomic bomb?
1949
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Give TWO things that Stalin wanted from the peace.
Huge reparations and states to protect the USSR from invasion
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Give 2 things agreed at Yalta
1. Divide Germany into 4 zones; 1 zone each occupied by Britain, France, USA and USSR. 2. Hold elections in E. Europe countries
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List 8 events leading up to the Cold War, Feb 1945 to Mar 1948.
Yalta Conference (Feb 1945) Potsdam Conference (Jul 1945) Hiroshima (Aug 1945) Salami tactics (1945-48) Fulton Speech (Mar 1946) Greece (Feb 1947) Truman Doctrine (Mar 1947) Marshall Plan (Jun 1947
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Explain reason 1 why the Potsdam Conference was less successful than Yalta.
In 1945, Stalin invited Non-Communist Polish leaders to meet him and arrested them.
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Name THREE things that the ‘Big Three’ disagreed about at Potsdam.
1. Details of how to divide Germany. 2. Size of Reparations G. had to pay. 3. Soviet policy in E. Europe.
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What were 'Salami Tactics'?
Gradually getting rid of all opposition; bit -by- bit
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Give 2 other things agreed at Yalta
1. Set up Gov. in Poland which would contain both Communists and Non-Communists. 2. Set up United Nations
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Was is ‘totalitarianism’?
When Government has total power over the people.
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Explain reason 2 why the Potsdam Conference was less successful than Yalta.
New Pres. Truman was determined to 'get-tough' with Russians.
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Was does the word ‘imperialistic’ mean?
Wanting to build an empire. Communists used it in abuse to describe Western Powers
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What happened when the British could no longer afford to keep soldiers in Greece?
America paid 4 soldiers and also gave economic help 2 Greece.
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What did the Truman Doctrine say?
Truman told Americans that it was America’s DUTY to stop Communism. His policy towards the Soviet Union was one of ‘containment’ – he did not try to destroy the USSR, but he wanted to stop it growing any more.
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Why did Britain keep soldiers in Greece after the Second World War had finished?
To support Greek free government against the Communists.
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Why did Marshall propose the Marshall Plan?
He said every country in Europe was so poor that it was in danger of turning Communist. Europe was ‘a breeding ground of hate’.
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Which country turned Communist in March 1948?
Czechoslovakia
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What rival to Marshall Aid did Stalin set up in 1947?
Cominform
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Give FIVE causes of the Berlin blockade.
C.A.B.A.N- Cold War, Aims, Bizonia, American Aid, New Currency
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How much aid did the Marshall Plan want to send to Europe?
$17 billion
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How did the US and Britain supply the Berliners?
By Airplane
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List FOUR results of the Berlin blockade.
C.E.N.A- Cold War (got worse), East n West Germany, NATO and the Warsaw Pact, Arms Race
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How long did the blockade last?
318 Days
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Card 2

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What was the ‘cold war’?

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When America and Russia were enemies but they didn't declare war but did everything to oppose each other short of war

Card 3

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Who was leader of Russia in 1945?

Back

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Card 4

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What do Communists Believe?

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Card 5

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The USA is a ‘capitalist democracy’. What does this mean?

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