The Nuclear Arms Race

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Stalin and Khrushchev exaggerated the power of the Soviet nuclear arsenal. What term describes this?
Potemkinism
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What did Khrushchev say direct conflict may lead to in the Cold War?
"the most destructive war in history"
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What did the USA fear would happen if a country in South East Asia "fell" to Communism?
Domino Theory: It would spread throughout the subcontinent
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What was the MIC?
Military Industrial Complex
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What phrase did Eisenhower use concerning increasing spending on nuclear weapons?
"More bang for your buck"
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What American policy involved using nuclear weapons as a threat?
Massive Retaliation/ Brinkmanship
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What two examples of improved diplomacy emerged after the Cuban Missile Crisis?
The Washington-Moscow hotline and the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
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When was the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty produced and what did it ensure?
August 1963, limited nuclear testing to below ground
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Which summit established a positive working relationship between the USA and the Soviet Union?
The Geneva Summit, July 1955
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At which summit did Kennedy and Khrushchev agree to settle disputes peacefully?
Camp David Summit, 1959
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When was the East German Rising and how did the Soviets respond to it?
1953, no intervention
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When was the Hungarian Uprising and how did the Soviets respond to it?
1956, no intervention
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What Defence Readiness Condition (DEFCON) did the USA raise to during the Cuban Missile Crisis?
DEFCON 2, the highest they had ever been in peacetime and one short of war
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What evidence is there that the American public were panicked by the Cuban Missile Crisis?
Nuclear drills and panic buying
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Where and when was the BRAVO bomb incident?
Bikini Atoll, 1954
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How large was the BRAVO bomb fireball?
3 miles in diameter
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When was the Gaither Report published and what did it push for?
1957, increased spending it defence
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When were were the CIA-backed coups in Iran and Guatemala?
Iran: 1953, Guatemala: 1954
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What CIA mission conducted acts of sabotage in Cuba in 1960?
Operation 40
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What incident lead to the derailing of the Paris Summit 1960?
The U-2 incident
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When did the Soviets produce their first nuclear weapon and what was it called?
1949, First Lightning
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When was the first hydrogen bomb produced? What was it called and who invented it?
1952, Ivy Mike, the USA
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The Soviet Union's TU20 Bear (1956) was a copy of what intercontinental range missile?
The USA's Stratofortress (1955)
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What major event happened in Cuba in 1959?
The dictator, Batista, was overthrown by revolutionaries
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What are some areas of the Cuban economy that were owned by the USA?
Railways, electricity and sugar
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Who assumed power in Cuba in 1959?
Castro
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What two early policies of Castro's worries the USA?
Land redistribution and nationalisation of oil refineries
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When did Castro sign a trade deal with the Soviets?
February 1960
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Castro promised the Soviets he would nationalise US interest of more than how much?
$1 billion
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When did Castro officially embrace Communism?
1961
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When was the Bay of Pigs invasion?
April 1961
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What did the Soviet Union install in Cuba in September 1962?
24 SS-4 Medium Range Ballistic Missile Launchers and 16 SS-5 Long-Range Ballistic Missile Launchers
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How did Kennedy respond to the Cuban Missile Crisis on 22nd October 1962?
He announced the threat on television and set up a quarantine of Cuba
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Where did Kennedy secretly agree to remove missiles from during the Cuban Missile Crisis?
Turkey
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When was Khrushchev ousted from Soviet leadership?
October 1964
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Khrushchev say direct conflict may lead to in the Cold War?

Back

"the most destructive war in history"

Card 3

Front

What did the USA fear would happen if a country in South East Asia "fell" to Communism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the MIC?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What phrase did Eisenhower use concerning increasing spending on nuclear weapons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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