The New Right and Functionalist views on Education

HideShow resource information
According to Durheim, what are the two main functions of education?
Creating social solidarity and teaching specialist skills
1 of 19
What is social solidarity?
The idea that members must feel apart of a single body in order to function as a whole
2 of 19
How does the education system promote social solidarity?
transmitting societies shared values. E.g Teaching history creates a sense of shared heritiage
3 of 19
What is the idea that school is a 'society in miniature'?
It prepares us for wider society - e.g eing able to co operate with people we wouldnt normally associate with
4 of 19
Why do we need a specialist set of skills and knowledge?
To be able to play their part in the social division of labour
5 of 19
What does Parsons argue?
That school is a 'focal socialising agency'
6 of 19
What does this mean?
That school acts as a bridge between the family and wider society
7 of 19
How is school meritocratic?
Because is gives everyone and equal opportunity where individuals are rewarded through their own efforts
8 of 19
What do Davis and moore argue?
School is a device of selection and role allocation
9 of 19
What is role allocation?
The matching of ability to the job they are most suited to
10 of 19
Why is inequality necessary?
To ensure the most talented people get the most important jobs - itd be dangerous to have an unskilled pilot fly a plane
11 of 19
2 critiques of the functionalist perspective?
Tumin argues its a circular argument - its important so its paid well, whys it paid well? bc its impotant 2) New right argue education fails to prepare young people
12 of 19
Why do the new right favour the marketisation of education?
Because they belive that the state cannot meet societies needs so they are best left and are best left to meet their needs themselves
13 of 19
3 main beliefs of New Right
1) Some people naturally more talented than others 2) education needs to serve economy and prep kids for work 3) Education should socialise pupils
14 of 19
Why is education not meeting these goals?
Because it is run by the state
15 of 19
What is the problem with state run schools?
They have a 'one size fit all' policy that disregards local needs and also, they are then not answerable to their consumers
16 of 19
What is a way to solve this problem?
Through the marketisation of education and creating competition
17 of 19
Why is competition positive?
Because it will empower comsumers and encourage choice and diversity enabling them to meet the needs of parents and pupls
18 of 19
What are Chubb and Moes 3 problems with state run education?
- Minority groups are disadvantaged 2) Fails to produce kids with the skills they need to contribute to the economy 3) Private schools are better quality bc they have to be accountable to parents bc they pay
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is social solidarity?

Back

The idea that members must feel apart of a single body in order to function as a whole

Card 3

Front

How does the education system promote social solidarity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the idea that school is a 'society in miniature'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why do we need a specialist set of skills and knowledge?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »