The Liberal Reforms

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Evie
  • Created on: 19-05-14 22:39
At the turn of the century people’s attitudes towards poverty changed, how?
They realised it wasn’t the fault of the individual
1 of 62
Name of Charles Booth’s book?
‘Life and Labour of the People in London’
2 of 62
What campaign brought a light to social conditions in the late 19th century?
The London Dockers Strike (1889)
3 of 62
There was a decline in what type of thinking/faith?
4 of 62
What confidence had disappeared?
The confidence of the mid-Victorian policy
5 of 62
When did economic conditions improve and why?
Late 1880’s due to upturn in trade
6 of 62
Rates of industrial growth made it easier for?
Unions to develop
7 of 62
When did British Army begin fighting the Boer settlers in South Africa?
8 of 62
Boer War made British workforce seem weak to countries like?
Germany and USA
9 of 62
When did the Liberal Government depart from the orthodox old Liberal stance on taxation?
10 of 62
The idea of the new Liberal stance on taxation was?
Designed to directly benefit those who needed help the most
11 of 62
Which key Liberal individuals drove the New Liberal agenda?
Lloyd George and Winston Churchill
12 of 62
The New Liberal agenda was very attractive to the electorate and therefore?
Was a factor in the landslide General Election victory of 1906
13 of 62
The fact that there were still links from Old Liberalism to New Liberalism meant?
Traditional supporters of Old Liberalism also supported New Liberalism
14 of 62
Similarities between Old Liberalism and New Liberalism?
Distinguished between deserving individuals and non deserving, their main goal was to provide members of the working class the opportunity to enjoy a middle class standard of living
15 of 62
New Liberals argued that?
Taxes should only be increased for those who could afford it
16 of 62
Many of the Liberal reforms were designed to?
Help people help themselves (not just give them money)
17 of 62
The Social Reforms were designed to?
Do the opposite of the Gladstonian approach and help people stuck in poverty
18 of 62
What were Gladstone’s ideas?
Taxes should be as low as possible and people should keep as much of their money as possible to look after themselves
19 of 62
Free trade brought in by Gladstone when and benefitted who?
1865, benefitted middle class manufacturers
20 of 62
Some Old Liberals argued that the state’s role should be?
“To allow people the greatest amount of freedom in their lives as they thought best”
21 of 62
New Liberals did not want to appear too radical, why?
Didn’t want to lose support of traditional liberals or lose votes to people who thought they were socialists
22 of 62
Workmen’s Compensation Act?
1906 – Act made it easier for workers who got injured or ill due to work, to get a lump sum in compensation
23 of 62
Labour Exchanges Act?
1909 – Helped those who were out of work get a job and not slip into poverty
24 of 62
National Insurance Act (part 1)?
1911 – Made sure that if the chief earner in a family got ill, the rest of the family would not suffer as they’d still get paid
25 of 62
National Insurance Act (part 2)?
1912 – Same as before, but now workers and employers and government all put in the same amount of money
26 of 62
Miners’ Minimum Wage Act?
1912 – Made sure that miners did not go into poverty with a job that paid too little
27 of 62
Free School Meals?
1906 – Children would could not afford minimum standard of living got fed at school free, so they were not malnourished (from 1914 158,000 children got it – still wasn’t all of them)
28 of 62
School Medical Inspections?
1907 – Allowed pupils at schools to find out if they were ill or not (didn’t; have to spend money at hospitals)
29 of 62
The Children’s Act?
1908 - Made children ‘protected persons’, so they couldn’t go to adult prisons or get abused
30 of 62
School Clinics?
1912 – Meant that children who could not afford medical treatment could get it at school
31 of 62
Old Age Pensions Act?
1909 – Gave people over the age of 70 who earned less than £21 a year a pension
32 of 62
The People’s Budget?
1909 – Taxed the rich for more and put increased duties on petrol, tobacco and alcohol (things the rich were likely to buy)
33 of 62
Findings of Booth and Rowntree proved?
Falling under the poverty line was not the individuals fault
34 of 62
What Liberal change did Lloyd George introduce?
Peoples Budget (1909)
35 of 62
What Liberal change did Winston Churchill introduce?
The Labour Exchanges Act and the Trade Board Act (used by people to help get jobs)
36 of 62
Liberals may have introduced reform in response to what?
The rise of the Labour Party – they thought they’d take their votes
37 of 62
How many seats did the Labour patty gain in the 1906 General Election?
38 of 62
What was wrong with the Children’s Act?
Councils had to join it, and they often didn’t
39 of 62
What was wrong with Pensions Act?
Only applied to British Citizens over 70 – often people did not live that long
40 of 62
Why did the House of Lords reject the People’s Budget?
It intended to tax the rich, and they did not want that
41 of 62
The Lords stopping the Liberal doing what they wanted meant that?
It looked like the government was doing little for the country
42 of 62
Why were new proposals to stop Plural Voting bad for Conservatives?
It would have affected Conservative held constituencies more
43 of 62
Recent By-Election results informed the Lords to believe that?
If they found a challenge to issue in Commons, the Conservatives could be successful in any resultant election
44 of 62
Why was Home Rule voted out by the Lords?
Thought it would break up the British Empire
45 of 62
Why was the Liberal Education Bill voted out by the Lords?
Reduce the Anglican influence
46 of 62
Lords saw the People’s Budget as?
An attack on property rather than an attack on poverty
47 of 62
Lords though that if they allowed the People’s Budget it would only?
Lead to more reforms where the rich are taxed
48 of 62
The rejection of the People’s Budget raised the question?
Who ran the country? Did the Lords have too much influence?
49 of 62
The rejection of the People’s Budget (therefore constitutional crisis) had not happened in how long before?
200 Years
50 of 62
The Lords showed with the People’s Budget that they put?
Political gain over society’s morals
51 of 62
What did the Parliament Act of 1911 aim to do?
Reduce the power of the Lords by removing their veto and also reduce the Conservatives power further by introducing a Liberal majority in the House of Lords
52 of 62
What did the Parliament Act do?
Let Lords dealt bill by two year and a bill could now only be rejected 3 times before it became law
53 of 62
The Election of January 1910 proved that the Liberals had to rely on?
Irish Nationalist and Labour
54 of 62
What did Irish Nationalists demand for their support?
Home Rule
55 of 62
What did Labour demand for their support?
Favourable trade union legislation
56 of 62
Second Election, December 1910, proved what?
A similar result to the first, Liberals now had 272 seats and so did the Conservatives
57 of 62
Although the Parliament Act of 1911 worked, what didn’t?
Conservatives still held the built-in majority in the lords (so still held some influence)
58 of 62
Example of a bill still delayed after the Parliament Act?
Third Home Rule Bill
59 of 62
The two General Elections in 1910 was caused by?
The Constitutional Crisis
60 of 62
Which two Liberals used their political skill to navigate their way through the Constitutional Crisis?
Lloyd George and Asquith
61 of 62
The House of Lords offered for a Liberal focused attack, meaning?
The Party was brought together after splits in Home Rule
62 of 62

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Name of Charles Booth’s book?


‘Life and Labour of the People in London’

Card 3


What campaign brought a light to social conditions in the late 19th century?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


There was a decline in what type of thinking/faith?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What confidence had disappeared?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all British History - Liberal Reforms resources »