The Influence of Culture on Relationships

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What happens in relationships in individulasitc cultures?
Relationships are chosen freely by people on basis of love and attraction
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What happens in relationships in collectivist cultures?
Arranged marriages are frequent
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What did Boggs and Miller find?
There was a general consensus across the whole world on what was needed to make relationships work
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What did Gutpa and Singh find?
In couples who married for love over 10 years their love decreased and in arranged marriages it increased
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What did Whyte 1990 find?
Those who had chosen their partner were happier than those in arranged marriages. This suggests western ideas of free choice are starting to take hold
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What did Myers et al 2005?
There were no differences between love marriages and arranged marriages. However there were differences in defining a successful marriage
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What did Fischer 1992 find?
86% of 166 societies believed in love. This means that love is not just a western construct
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What does the Family system theory state?
Having an overly close mother-child relationships is unhealthy
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However what did Rothbaum et al find?
Japanese cultures promote close relationships and no adverse effects were found. This suffers from ethnocentrism, a bias in favour of western cultures
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Buss conducted a study in which he asked participants from 37 different cultures and 33 countries what men and women what they looked for in a partner. What did he find?
In almost every culture that men preferred younger women and women preferred an older man who was able to support them.
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Zaida 2002 looked at 20 second-generation pakistani muslim women who were bought up in Canada. What did he find?
The disliked the idea of arranged marriage and would prefer to choose their own partner. They had internalised the western view of love and free choice.
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In Zaida's study, what did the internalisation lead to?
Their families who had been bought up in Pakaistan were resistant to the ideas of allowing them to choose their own partners
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What does Zaida's study show?
The contrast between different cultures.
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Card 2

Front

What happens in relationships in collectivist cultures?

Back

Arranged marriages are frequent

Card 3

Front

What did Boggs and Miller find?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What did Gutpa and Singh find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Whyte 1990 find?

Back

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