The Hydrological Study

HideShow resource information
Precipitation
Includes all the ways moisture comes out of the atmosphere, mostly in the form of rain.
1 of 17
Interception
Is when some precipitation lands on vegetation or other structures, like buildings and concrete or tarmac surfaces before it reaches the soil.
2 of 17
Vegetation Storage
Is water that's been taken up by plants. It's all the water contained in plants at any one time.
3 of 17
Surface Storage
Includes water in puddles, ponds and lakes.
4 of 17
Groundwater Storage
Is water stored in the ground, either in soil or in rocks.
5 of 17
Channel Storage
The water which is held in a river or stream channel.
6 of 17
Surface Runoff
Water flowing over land.
7 of 17
Throughfall
Water dripping from one lead to another.
8 of 17
Infiltration
Is water soaking into soil. Infiltration rates are influenced by soil type, soil structure and how much water's already in the soil.
9 of 17
Percolation
Water seeping down through soil into the water table.
10 of 17
Groundwater Flow
Water flowing slowly below the water table through permeable rock.
11 of 17
Baseflow
Groundwater flow that feeds into rivers through river banks and river beds.
12 of 17
Interflow
Water flowing downhill through permeable rock above the water table.
13 of 17
Channel Flow
Water flowing in the river or the stream itself. This is also called river discharge.
14 of 17
Evaporation
Water turning into water vapour - turning from liquid to a gas.
15 of 17
Transpiration
Evaporation from plant leaves - plants and trees take up water through their roots and transport it to their leaves where it evaporates into the atmosphere.
16 of 17
Evapotranspiration
Is the process of evaporation and transpiration together.
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Is when some precipitation lands on vegetation or other structures, like buildings and concrete or tarmac surfaces before it reaches the soil.

Back

Interception

Card 3

Front

Is water that's been taken up by plants. It's all the water contained in plants at any one time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Includes water in puddles, ponds and lakes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is water stored in the ground, either in soil or in rocks.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Rivers and fluvial processes resources »