The General Strike

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Who was Protesting?
Many workers from different sectors, in particular transport and mining.
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What was the Triple Allience?
Unions in mining, railways and transport joined and agreed to participate in the strike together.
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When was the Protest?
1926.
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Who led the Strike?
The Trades Union Congress (TUC).
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How many Workers went on Strike?
More than 2.5 million.
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What were the Strike's main causes?
Actions of the mine owners', the government's Samuel Commission report, Trade Union Militancy, Fear of Communism, Economic Depression.
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What was the Samuel Commission's report?
In March 1926, the government's Samuel Commission suggested cutting wages, but not increasing hours. Both miners and mine owners refused this compromise.
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Why were the Miners Striking?
Mine owners were going to reduce miners' wages by 13% and increase their shifts from 7 to 8 hours a day.
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Why was the Government affraid of a Strike?
There was a communist revolution in Russia in 1917. The Conservative government and non-working classes feared British workers gaining similar powers.
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What was 'Red Friday'? (31st July 1925)
The Government subsides delayed miners' wage cuts for 9 months so the government had time to stockpile resources and set up OMS to train volunteers to replace striking owrkers.
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What were the Tactics of the Strikers?
Strikes, Picketing and Rioting. In many cities, fights broke out between police and strikers.
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How organised were the TUC?
The strike wasn't planned very well, and it was more luck than organisation that the strike was well supported.
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How did the Government use the Media?
They had their own newspaper, 'The British Gazette', the PM made several radio broadcasts on the BBC and exerted greater control over the media by controlling newsprint and preventing TUC leaders from speaking on the radio.
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What was the name of the TUC's Newspaper?
The British Worker.
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How did the Government react?
They saw the strike as a huge threat so were determined to end it without giving into any of the strikers' demands. The government were united in thinking the strike was an attack on the state itself. Police and army were used to keep control.
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Why did the Strike Fail?
Most TUC leaders weren't communists and feared the strike may be seen as an attempted revolution, TUC leaders weren't allowed to speak on radio and had limmited newsprint, TUC didn't think a strike would work, Losing control in some areas.
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What were the Results of the Genral Strike?
The miners were defeated, The TUC was ruined - membership fell from 5.5 million in 1925 to 3.75 in 1930, General strikes were made illegal, The Labour Party won the 1929 election.
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What was the Trades Disputes Act of 1927?
Made general strikes illegal.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Triple Allience?

Back

Unions in mining, railways and transport joined and agreed to participate in the strike together.

Card 3

Front

When was the Protest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who led the Strike?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many Workers went on Strike?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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