The Functions of the Family

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  • Created by: Min
  • Created on: 23-02-14 14:12
According to Zaretsky, what are the functions of the family (5)?
Props up capitalism, makes male workers feel like they have some power and control, family acts as a haven, it is an illusion based on the domestic servitude of women and the family acts as a safety valve
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What are the criticisms of Marxism (8)?
People can leave their class (Alan Sugar), family isn't always negative, there are variations of family types - ignores diversity, no middle class, everything determined by economy, gender inequality ignored, no choice, too much emphasis on conflict
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What do Black Feminists believe/focus on?
Oppression and disadvantage of black women from all backgrounds, feminist theory is racist as ignores black situation being different, see family as a haven and black families are matrifocal
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Name 2 Black Feminists?
Garvey and Beale
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What did Frances Beale say?
Oppression of black women will only stop when racism and sexism has been addressed
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What do Radical Feminists believe/focus on?
Change society rather than work with the law, think the whole of society needs to be overturned, see the family as a sorce of oppression, men are inherently violent and the enemy, society's founded on patriarchy
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Anything else radical feminists believe?
Men benefit from their unpaid labour and sexual services, family needs to be abolished whoch can only be achieved by separatism
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Name 5 Radical Feminists?
Oakley, Millett, Chrisholm, Sanger, Dworkin
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What does Oakley find?
Labour saving devices don't affect the hrs of work women did, but meant that they could do more
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What does Sanger believe?
Couples should be rewarded for using birth control
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What does Millett believe?
Families reproduce patriarchy through socialisation and ideologies and culture
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What does Dworkin want?
Censorship of ****
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What do Marxist Feminists believe/focus on?
Family is the main cause of women's oppression because of capitalism, the family must be abolished at the same time as a socialist revolution and women's oppression is a result of working class exploitation
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According to Marxist feminists, how are women exploited?
Reproduce workforce by unpaid domestic labour, socialise them and maintain the current one, absorb men's anger at capitalist society, reserve army of cheap labour
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Key Marxist feminist? What does she think? What's her quote?
Ansley. Women are the 'takers of ****', emotion work is part of the safety valve. 'When wives play their traditional role as takers of ****, they often absorb their hisband's legitimate anger and frustration at their own powerlessness'
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What do Liberal Feminists believe/focus on?
Sex discrimination, equal rights and opportunities for women, oppression is gradually being overcome by attitudes and laws, not reached full equality yet, fam. is more symmetrical, parents sociolise their children the same way
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Anything else Liberal feminists believe?
Heterosexual couples can be happy, exploitation does happen but reduced by reform, women who choose to be housewives do so because they believe that it will bring personal fulfilment
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How do Liberal feminists criticism Marxist and Radical feminists?
Not all men have patriarchal values and many don't want to exploit women
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2 Main Liberal feminists?
Taylor and Walker
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What did Taylor do?
Wrote 'Early Essays on Marriage and Divorce' which was later used in courts
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What did Wlker do, say/believe?
Founded the 3rd voice fund (educate young women on leadership and mobolised younger people to become more involved in political and social issues). Criticised the Supreme Court for biased behaviour and expressed the oppression of the femal voice
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3 criticisms of Liberal feminists?
Don't look at the underlying cause of oppression and that laws and attitudes won't bring full equality, ignored the social structure factors and failure to understand in any society that's unequal in structure, equality of opportunity is meaningless
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Card 2

Front

What are the criticisms of Marxism (8)?

Back

People can leave their class (Alan Sugar), family isn't always negative, there are variations of family types - ignores diversity, no middle class, everything determined by economy, gender inequality ignored, no choice, too much emphasis on conflict

Card 3

Front

What do Black Feminists believe/focus on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name 2 Black Feminists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Frances Beale say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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