The Formation of Culture

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  • Created by: Katharine
  • Created on: 23-03-14 13:32
WILLIAMS (1983)
Culture = 'WAY OF LIFE' (beliefs and customs)
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NORMS
Common form of BEHAVIOUR which most people in a society follow
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FOX (2004)
English culture - drinking tea, owning a mobile phone
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VALUES
General principles or BELIEFS which the majority of society agrees on
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DEVIANCE
Going AGAINST the norm/value
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STATUS
POSITION in society
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ASCRIBED STATUS
GIVEN position in society e.g. male or female, inherited roles
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ACHIEVED STATUS
WORKED FOR position in society (by merit) e.g. achieving a degree to become a teacher
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ROLES
Pattern of behaviour, ROUTINES & RESPONSES acted out in everyday life
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WOODWARD (2000)
Culture is based on 'SHARED MEANINGS, VALUES AND PRACTICES'
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HIGH CULTURE
LEAVIS : 'elite, upper class' way of life , ascribed position
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LEAVIS (1930)
High culture should be protected: SOCIAL CLOSURE
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SOCIAL CLOSURE
Not allowing entry to 'outsiders'
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POPULAR CULTURE
Shallow activities enjoyed by the masses
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STRINATI (1995)
Media is responsible for popular culture
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ADORNO
Popular culture takes people's minds off important issues
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SUBCULTURE
Culture enjoyed by a small group within society, with DISTINCT norms & values
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CULTURAL COMFORT ZONE
Being comfortable with people of the same culture
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CULTURAL DIVERSITY
Culturally-embedded differences within a society
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PAREKH (2006)
DIVERSITY:1) Distinct ways of life while still broadly serving dominant culture 2) Some members rebel against central principles, rejecting dominant values 3) Communal diversification:long-established communities add diversity to dominant way of life
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MULTICULTURALISM
Promotes belief that ethnic groups are all of same status, with equal rights to preserve their cultural heritage
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BARKER (2003)
MULTICULURAL SOCIETY = seeking to celebrate difference
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CONSUMER CULTURE
A consuming & using way of life
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LURY (1996)
CONSUMER CULTURE: Shopping = leisure pursuit, wide range of goods, different forms of shopping, debt = social norm, packaging & promoting = large-scale business
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GLOBAL CULTURE
Way of life shared around the world, one part is a global influence
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GLOBALISATION
Economically, socially & politically interconnected on a global scale
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MCLUHEN (1989)
'GLOBAL VILLAGE' (global culture has made the world a smaller place)
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HOMOGENEITY
Cultural SAMENESS
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MCDONALDISATION /AMERICANISATION
Concept raising the possibility that global culture is based on American culture
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Card 2

Front

Common form of BEHAVIOUR which most people in a society follow

Back

NORMS

Card 3

Front

English culture - drinking tea, owning a mobile phone

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

General principles or BELIEFS which the majority of society agrees on

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Going AGAINST the norm/value

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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