The First World War

HideShow resource information
How did the war begin for Russia?
Well
1 of 66
What did the war do for support for the tsar in the beginning?
It rallied support for the tsar and encouraged patriotism
2 of 66
What did the students who were previously protesting against the Tsar now turn to?
Protesting outside the German embassy
3 of 66
Where did the Russian troops enter in August 1914?
East Prussia
4 of 66
What did the Germans do in response to the Russian troops entering the country?
Rediverted some of thier forces from France back to Prussia
5 of 66
What was the Schlieffen plan?
The German war plan
6 of 66
What happened at the battle of Tannenburg?
Russian adavncing troops collided with the German defensive and a major battle occurred
7 of 66
Who won at the battle of Tannenburg?
The Germans won a crushing victory
8 of 66
How many Russian forces were captured at the battle of Tannenburg?
95,000
9 of 66
How many Russian forces died at the battle of Tannenburg?
30,000
10 of 66
How many Russian troops managed to escape the battle of Tannenburg?
Only 10,000
11 of 66
Who were the German generals at the battle of Tannenburg?
Ludendorf and Hindenburg
12 of 66
How many German casualties were there at the battle of Tannenburg?
20,000
13 of 66
What did the Russian general do instead of having to report the loss of the battle to the Tsar?
Shot himself
14 of 66
What fortress did the Russian forces manage to surround in September and where was it?
Przemysl in Austro-Hungary
15 of 66
How long did it take to capture the fort of Przemsyl?
Four months
16 of 66
What year appeared to be the turning point in the war for Russia?
1915
17 of 66
Name another battle that the Russians were defeated at
Lodz
18 of 66
What had happened at the end of 1915?
Russian forces had been completely driven out of Poland
19 of 66
What did Nicholas do in response to the loss of Poland?
Appointed himself as commander in chief of the Russian army
20 of 66
Was Nicholas II qualified to command the Russian army?
No
21 of 66
Who did Nicholas leave in charge whilst he was away at the front line?
Tsarina Alexandra
22 of 66
What did the Russians launch in June 1916?
The Brusilov offensive
23 of 66
How did the Brusilov offensive go initially?
Well, it even prompted Romania to join the Russians
24 of 66
What had happened by August to the Brusilov offensive?
It had lost momentum
25 of 66
What was the retreat of the Brusilov offensive associated with?
Desertions and mutinies
26 of 66
What was the Russian army short of?
Morale and basic supplies
27 of 66
Why did the Brusilov offensive fail?
Due to Nicholas' poor leadership, poor communications and backwards technology
28 of 66
How capable was the Russian economy of coping well through war?
Quite capable
29 of 66
How many artillery shells could the Russians produce per month?
4.5 million
30 of 66
How many artillery shells could the Germans produce per month?
7 million and they were fighting a war on two fronts
31 of 66
What was the main problem with the Russian economy?
Transportation failed to get artillery to the battle areas
32 of 66
How many artillery shells per day were some units limited to using per day?
Three
33 of 66
By the end of 1916 how many Russian soldier were dead?
1.6 million
34 of 66
By the end of 1916 how many Russian soldiers were wounded?
3.9 million
35 of 66
By the end of 1916 how many Russian soldiers were captured?
2.4 million
36 of 66
How many Russian men had been mobilised to war?
15.3 million
37 of 66
What happened to the national budget throughout the war?
It rose eightfold
38 of 66
How was the higher budget financed?
Out of loans from Britain and France, higher taxes and printing more money.
39 of 66
What did printing more money lead to?
Inflation- prices rose over 200%
40 of 66
Why were their food shortages in Russia?
Because there was a loss of agricultural workers and horses to tend to the land. Also the railways had been taken over by the army so food wasn't being transported into the cities.
41 of 66
What undermined domestic support for the war?
Huge loss of life and military humiliations
42 of 66
What did patriotism lead to?
The creation of bodies to help with the war
43 of 66
What did the Zemstva do at the beginning of the war?
Provided medical care
44 of 66
What did the Congress of Representatives of Industry do to help Russia?
Helped coordinate war production
45 of 66
Who created the Central War Industries comittee?
Guchkov (an Octobrist)
46 of 66
Why was the Central War industries committee created?
To try and stimulate the production of weapons and ammunition
47 of 66
How sucessful were these separate bodies created to aid the war effort?
Very sucessful
48 of 66
What was bad about these bodies in the eyes of government?
They highlighted the weaknesses of government in comparison to these bodies. These bodies were doing a lot to help and government was doing very little, it undermined support for them.
49 of 66
What didn't the government know how to do with regard to these bodies?
Incorporate them into their war effort
50 of 66
What did the zemstva and the dumas create to help with the war effort?
The ZEMGOR
51 of 66
What did the ZEMGOR do?
Aided the care of war casulties
52 of 66
What did the government fail to do with regard to the ZEMGOR?
Failed to use it officially and so it became a centre of liberal discontent against the Russian war effort
53 of 66
What weren't duma deputies allowed to do?
Help with the war effort
54 of 66
What did some duma deputies do in response to the anger of not being able to help with the war effort?
They formed the Progressive Bloc
55 of 66
What was the Progressive Bloc?
A group within the state duma that wanted greater parliamentary control of government
56 of 66
What comprised the main membership of the progressive bloc?
Kadets, Octobrists and Progressivists
57 of 66
What did Nicholas do with regard to the Progresive Bloc?
He wouldn't listen to them and refused their requests
58 of 66
What did the ministers campaigning for reform do after Nicholas dismissed their requests?
Resigned or were dismissed
59 of 66
What did the Tsarina think of the progressive bloc?
She distrusted them
60 of 66
What did the Tsarina think of the independent bodies and the ZEMGOR?
That they were disloyal
61 of 66
Who did the Tsarina appoint as her ministers?
Only ultra-conservatives
62 of 66
What did the Tsarinas rule create?
More opposition
63 of 66
Name the potential causes of Russias failure in the war
Role of Rasputin, Political impacts, The Tsarina's rule, The Home Front, The economy, The transport systems and Russias military performance
64 of 66
Why was Rasputin introduced to the court?
He was thought to have the power of healing haemophilia
65 of 66
Why was the Tsarina accused of being an enemy to Russia?
She was German
66 of 66

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the war do for support for the tsar in the beginning?

Back

It rallied support for the tsar and encouraged patriotism

Card 3

Front

What did the students who were previously protesting against the Tsar now turn to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where did the Russian troops enter in August 1914?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Germans do in response to the Russian troops entering the country?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »