The family, social structure and social change: Definitions

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Achievement
the allocation of roles and status on the basis of individual merit
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Ascription
the allocation of roles and status on the basis of fixed characteristics, such as on the basis of gender or what family you were born into
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Conservative
a belief in traditional ideas and institutions
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Domestic Labour
housework and childcare
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Expressive Leader
Parsons' term for the female function of mother/housewife
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Extended kinship networks
relationships between family members beyond the nuclear family, such as grandparents and cousins
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Fidelity
being faithful to your partner
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Geographical Mobility
the ability to move quickly around the country
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Heterosexual
attracted to the opposite sex
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Ideological apparatus
according to Marxists, any institution that is involved in the transmitting of ruling-class ideas, such as education and mass media
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Ideology
set of powerful ideas
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Industrialization
the process which occurred during the 18th & 19th centuries in Britain where societies moved from agricultural production to industrial manufacturing.
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Instrumental leader
Parsons' term for the male breadwinner
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Kinship
related to each other by blood or marriage
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Maternal instinct
a 'natural' instinct to desire motherhood and want to care for the children
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Mutual economic support system
a system in which family members work to support each other
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Nuclear family
family group consisting of 2 generations, such as parents and children
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Nurturing
caring for and looking after others
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Pre-industrial
before the industrial revolution
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Right-wing
political ideas that are supportive of tradition
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Sexual division of labour
the division of both paid work and domestic labour into men's jobs and women's jobs.
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Social Solidarity
the feeling of belonging
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Symmetrical family
a nuclear family in which both spouses perform equally important roles
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ascription

Back

the allocation of roles and status on the basis of fixed characteristics, such as on the basis of gender or what family you were born into

Card 3

Front

Conservative

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Domestic Labour

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Expressive Leader

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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