The Effects of Labelling

Labelling

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 30-03-15 13:40
Lemert - what is the difference between primary and secondary deviance?
Primary deviance are acts that haven't yet been publicly labelled and secondary deviance is the result of deviance that has been labelled.
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What 2 things can secondary deviance lead to?
A self-fulfilling prophecy and a deviant career.
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What is deviance amplification?
Attempts to control deviance lead to increases in deviance, which leads to more control etc. E.g. Cohen's Folk Devils and Moral Panics.
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How does labelling affect the criminal justice system?
Negatively. E.g. there is an increasing tendency to see young offenders as evil and so are less tolerant of minor deviance. This results in secondary deviance.
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Name and explain the 2 types of shaming (Braithwaite)
Disintegrative shaming - crime and criminal labelled as bad. Reintegrative shaming - crime but not criminal labelled as bad.
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Give 6 criticisms of the labelling theory.
Deterministic. Gives offender victim status. Ignores offenders choose deviance. Doesn't explain cause of primary deviance. Implies deviants aren't aware they've deviated until it's labelled. Fails to analyse source of power in creating deviance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A self-fulfilling prophecy and a deviant career.

Back

What 2 things can secondary deviance lead to?

Card 3

Front

Attempts to control deviance lead to increases in deviance, which leads to more control etc. E.g. Cohen's Folk Devils and Moral Panics.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Negatively. E.g. there is an increasing tendency to see young offenders as evil and so are less tolerant of minor deviance. This results in secondary deviance.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Disintegrative shaming - crime and criminal labelled as bad. Reintegrative shaming - crime but not criminal labelled as bad.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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