The effect of culture on romantic relationships

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 12-04-14 12:08
Main idea behind this theory?
Collectivist vs. Individualistic culture. Collectivist - more focused on group harmony compared to Individualistic culture which is more concerned about how the individual is feeling.
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Purpose of this?
To see if the theory of romantic relationships is a universal theory that can be applied to everyone + is an innate process. therefore the theories can be used to help everyone with relationship problems
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Levine et al
Asked people from 11 countries (including collectivist) 'if you found someone who had all the desired characteristics, but there was no love would you marry them' - yes = collectivist , no = individualist
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Hatfield + Rapson
Disagreed with Levine et al as proving the difference. They found that both individualistic + collectivist cultures love is seen as a prerequisite for marriage, but passionate love is a luxure for LEDC
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AO2 of Hatfield + Rapson
Brings up important point: wealth of the area. in a poor area the only way for especially females to survive is to marry a man , whereas in a wealthier country we can be more picky + choose who we want to be with
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Seepersad et al
Korean vs. US students. Hypothesis: US students would be more lonely ==> found that in fact that was true
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AO2 of seepersad et al
may be due to the fact that koreans have more of a work ethic than US. Also shows how maybe in the individualistic cultures we need to stop placing such an emphasis on relationships because it can cause psychological distress+causes a negative impact
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Moore + Leung
AA + CA.Wanted to find out if the roots of the collectivist culture were more prominant + deep rooted to overcome effects of individualistic culture. Found higher % of AA in a relationship , AA men less romantic than CA,Romantic love endorsed by both
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Johnson + Holmes
Looked at films in box office from 1995-2005, gave pps a questionnaire about beliefs + expectations of RR and found they correlated to the types of films watched by those pps
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AO2 of johnson + holmes
collectivists have more of a work ethic . the length of the relationship wasnt recorded , so can't compare - although the AA may have been in relationships,could only be ST
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Epstein
Those with arranged marriages = lower divorce rate
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AO2 of Epstein
Due to the fact that maybe they aren't allowed/forbidden to divorce partner
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Xiaohe + Whyte
Since the arranged marriage rate has dropped from 70% => 10% , women have reported feeling much more happier because they married for love
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Pinker
Being in love could be said to be evolutionary advantage because it promotes survival,those in LT relationships have lower mortality rates+therefore is universal. CAN LINK THIS TO IDEA OF WEALTH,now modern medicine-not so fussed but in LEDC no choice
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Card 2

Front

Purpose of this?

Back

To see if the theory of romantic relationships is a universal theory that can be applied to everyone + is an innate process. therefore the theories can be used to help everyone with relationship problems

Card 3

Front

Levine et al

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hatfield + Rapson

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

AO2 of Hatfield + Rapson

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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