The cosmological argument

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Aquinas
Relies on the rejection of infinite regress in the universe. If the universe was proven to be infinite then his cosmological arguments would be considerably flawed. Some philosophers have rejected Aquinas' assumption that the universe is finite.
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The Kalam Argument
There are only two possibilities for the universe, either it is infinite and had no start or it is finite and had a begining.
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Actual Infinite
Sets or a collection of things with an infinite number of members. It is not growing towards infinity because it is infinite already. A part within an actual infinite set is equal to the whole set because it is infinite
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Potential Infinite
Exists if it is always possible to add one more to a series of things or events. It is possible to think of the future as a potential infinite, because more events are always being added to history.
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Infinite
Some philosophers argue that actual infinite numbers can not exist. This is because whether you add to or subtract from an actual infinite number, it will always remain the same number, infinity. An actual infinite is complete at all times.
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William Lane Craig
Set out to show that the first possibility cant be true Infinity cannot be increased as it already contains everything. So in an infinite universe there could never be past, present or future event. But the past, present and future do exist
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Big Bang Theory
Implies the universe is not infinite. Scientists who accept the big bang regard it as the time when a single, extremely condensed state of matter exploded was the moment when time began.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

There are only two possibilities for the universe, either it is infinite and had no start or it is finite and had a begining.

Back

The Kalam Argument

Card 3

Front

Sets or a collection of things with an infinite number of members. It is not growing towards infinity because it is infinite already. A part within an actual infinite set is equal to the whole set because it is infinite

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Exists if it is always possible to add one more to a series of things or events. It is possible to think of the future as a potential infinite, because more events are always being added to history.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Some philosophers argue that actual infinite numbers can not exist. This is because whether you add to or subtract from an actual infinite number, it will always remain the same number, infinity. An actual infinite is complete at all times.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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