The Collapse of International Peace

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What were the late 1920s like?
The late 1920s had been a time of hope for international relations with a series of agreements that seemed to make the world a more peaceful place with countries co-operating and trading with each other.
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What did the Great Depression of the 1930s lead to?
Political turmoil in many countries and the rise of the dictators such as Hitler in Germany. Hitler formed alliances with other right-wing regimes in Italy and Japan.
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How was Germany feeling?
Germany was still unhappy about its treatment under the Treaty of Versailles and Hitler set out to challenge the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, first of all by rearming Germany (secretly from 1933, then publicly from 1935).
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How did he challenge the Treaty?
He sent troops into the demilitarised zone of the Rhineland in 1936.
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Did the League of Nations, Britain or France try to stop Hitler?
No, they did not try to stop Hitler doing these things. This policy was called Appeasement - giving Hitler what he wanted in the hope he would not ask for more.
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What was the most famous act of Appeasement?
Most famous act of Appeasement was over the Sudetenland - an area of Czechoslovakia that Hitler wanted to take over.
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What was decided in the Munich Agreement of October 1938?
Britain and France let Hitler have the Sudetenland as long as he did not try to take over the rest of Czechoslovakia.
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What happened in early 1939 when Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia?
It marked the end of the policy of Appeasement and they told Hitler that any further expansion would lead to war
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Was Hitler Communist?
No, Hitler was very anti-Communist and saw Stalin and the USSR as his enemy
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Who did Hitler sign a Pact with in 1939?
Despite disliking Stalin, he signed a Pact with Stalin in 1939 to not attack each other but to divide Poland between them.
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What happened when Hitler invaded Poland in September 1939?
Britain declared war on Germany
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What were the main factors that caused the Second World War?
Hitler's foreign policy, the economic Depression, the failures of the League of Nations and the unfairness of the post-First World War peace treaties.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the Great Depression of the 1930s lead to?

Back

Political turmoil in many countries and the rise of the dictators such as Hitler in Germany. Hitler formed alliances with other right-wing regimes in Italy and Japan.

Card 3

Front

How was Germany feeling?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did he challenge the Treaty?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Did the League of Nations, Britain or France try to stop Hitler?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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