The Cold War (1943-1947)

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What were relations like between the Big Three during the Teheran Conference (1943)?
Good because Teheran was the first face-to-face meeting of the Big Three - the war was still going on and thus brought all three countries into alliance. Stalin and Roosevelt got on well (Roosevelt would agree on most things Stalin said).
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Were relations between the Big Three good during the Yalta Conference (1945)? Why?
Yes as they agreed on things - some they had already agreed on during Teheran but they made changes. However, there were problems such as: Britain and the USA were reluctant to let Poland become communist.
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What caused tension between the Grand Alliance during the Potsdam Conference?
The change in US leadership - Roosevelt was replaced by (anti-communist) Harry S. Truman. There were many signs of mistrust - Truman tested the atomic bomb behind Stalin's back but Stalin had been spying on him since 1942.
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What was the 'Iron Curtain'?
A speech by Churchill (March 1946). He spoke about how the former allies viewed each other with suspicion.
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What were the secret telegrams and what did they state?
The Long Telegram (America) and Novikov's Telegram (USSR), both from 1946. They stated that each country wanted to dominate the world, America wanted to destroy communism etc.
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What was the Truman Doctrine in action called?
The Marshall Plan.
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What did the Truman Doctrine state?
That the world had to choose between communism and capitalism, America had the responsibility to fight for liberty and they would send troops and resources to countries threatened by communism, communism shouldn't be allowed to grow.
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What was the initial reaction to the Marshall Plan?
Many European leaders were keen to receive Marshall Aid but representatives from the USSR thought the Americans were splitting Europe into "two camps".
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What was Cominform?
The Communist Information Bureau. Stalin wanted to extend his control; Cominform was an international organisation that brought Communist Parties under the direction of the USSR.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Were relations between the Big Three good during the Yalta Conference (1945)? Why?

Back

Yes as they agreed on things - some they had already agreed on during Teheran but they made changes. However, there were problems such as: Britain and the USA were reluctant to let Poland become communist.

Card 3

Front

What caused tension between the Grand Alliance during the Potsdam Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the 'Iron Curtain'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the secret telegrams and what did they state?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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