The Cognitive model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What is the Cognitive Triad?

  • A series of automatic, negative thoughts linked to depression
  • A series of automatic, positive thoughts linked to depression
  • A series of automatic, negative thoughts linked to life
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2. What are the main stages if Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

  • The therapist and client identify faulty cognitions, the therapist tries to show they are untrue, they set goals to think in more adaptive ways. The treatment mainly focusses on the present situation
  • Themselves (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the future (that nothing will change)

3. What does the cognitive model suggests causes abnormality?

  • Learning and conditioning
  • Irrational thoughts and behaviours
  • Genetics and neurotransmitters

4. What are cognitive therapies particularly helpful with?

  • anxiety and alarm
  • depression and anxiety
  • depression and confidence

5. In the ABC model what does B stand for?

  • Belief: about why the event occured, this may be rational ( I didn't study enough) or irrational ( I'm too stupid to pass exams)
  • Consequence: rational beliefs produce adaptive consequences (more revision in the future) whereas irrational beliefs produce maladaptive consquences (getting depressed)
  • Activating event: for example, a failed exam



thanks. This was very helpful. :)

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