The Cognitive model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What are the three negative views in the Cognitive Triad about?

  • Other people (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the future (that nothing will change)
  • Themselves (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the future (that nothing will change)
  • Themselves (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the past (that nothing will change)
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2. What are the strengths of the Cognitive model?

  • It offers a useful approach to disorders such as depression which are greatly dependent on thoughts, they have often successfully treated depression, anxiety, stress and eating disorders and they allow people to take control and make positive changes
  • Faulty connections may be a consequence rather than a cause (depression may be caused by chemical imbalance), they take a long time and are costly, they may be more effective when combined with other treatments and a person may feel they are to blame

3. What are the main stages if Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

  • The therapist and client identify faulty cognitions, the therapist tries to show they are untrue, they set goals to think in more adaptive ways. The treatment mainly focusses on the present situation
  • Themselves (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the future (that nothing will change)

4. What do cognitive therapies try to do?

  • Change or eliminate faulty connections
  • Reinforce faulty connection
  • Creat new faulty connections

5. What does the cognitive model suggests causes abnormality?

  • Learning and conditioning
  • Irrational thoughts and behaviours
  • Genetics and neurotransmitters

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ab1410

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thanks. This was very helpful. :)

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