The Cognitive model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What are the strengths of the Cognitive model?

  • It offers a useful approach to disorders such as depression which are greatly dependent on thoughts, they have often successfully treated depression, anxiety, stress and eating disorders and they allow people to take control and make positive changes
  • Faulty connections may be a consequence rather than a cause (depression may be caused by chemical imbalance), they take a long time and are costly, they may be more effective when combined with other treatments and a person may feel they are to blame
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2. Who discovered the Cognitive Triad?

  • Heston
  • Beck
  • Ellis

3. What are the main stages if Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

  • The therapist and client identify faulty cognitions, the therapist tries to show they are untrue, they set goals to think in more adaptive ways. The treatment mainly focusses on the present situation
  • Themselves (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the future (that nothing will change)

4. What do cognitive therapies try to do?

  • Creat new faulty connections
  • Change or eliminate faulty connections
  • Reinforce faulty connection

5. In the ABC model what does A stand for?

  • Belief: about why the event occured, this may be rational ( I didn't study enough) or irrational ( I'm too stupid to pass exams)
  • Activating event: for example, a failed exam
  • Consequence: rational beliefs produce adaptive consequences (more revision in the future) whereas irrational beliefs produce maladaptive consquences (getting depressed)




thanks. This was very helpful. :)

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