The Cognitive model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What are the main stages if Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

  • The therapist and client identify faulty cognitions, the therapist tries to show they are untrue, they set goals to think in more adaptive ways. The treatment mainly focusses on the present situation
  • Themselves (that they cannot succeed in anything), the world ( they must be successful to be a good person) and the future (that nothing will change)
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2. Who discovered the Cognitive Triad?

  • Heston
  • Beck
  • Ellis

3. In the ABC model what does B stand for?

  • Activating event: for example, a failed exam
  • Belief: about why the event occured, this may be rational ( I didn't study enough) or irrational ( I'm too stupid to pass exams)
  • Consequence: rational beliefs produce adaptive consequences (more revision in the future) whereas irrational beliefs produce maladaptive consquences (getting depressed)

4. What are other examples of cognitive therapies?

  • Hardiness Training and Stress Innoculation Training
  • Hardiness Training and Yates' Theory
  • Stress Innoculatuon Training and ABC Model

5. In the ABC model what does A stand for?

  • Belief: about why the event occured, this may be rational ( I didn't study enough) or irrational ( I'm too stupid to pass exams)
  • Activating event: for example, a failed exam
  • Consequence: rational beliefs produce adaptive consequences (more revision in the future) whereas irrational beliefs produce maladaptive consquences (getting depressed)

Comments

ab1410

thanks. This was very helpful. :)

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