The Coastal Zone-Key Words

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The distance of open water over which the wind can blow
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A deposit of sand or shingle at the coast, often found at the head of a bay
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The top of a wave
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The forward movement of a wave up a beach
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The backward movement of water down a beach when a wave has broken
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Constructive wave
A powerful wave with a strong swash that surges up a beach
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Destructive wave
A wave formed by a local storm that crashes down onto a beach and has a powerful backwash
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The collapse of a cliff face or the fall of individual rocks from a cliff, often due to freeze-thaw weathering
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Blocks of rock slide downhill
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Saturated soil and weak rock flows down a slope
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Rotational slip
Slump of saturated soil and weak rock along a curved surface
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Hydraulic power
The sheer power of the waves
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The effect of rocks being flung at the cliff by powerful waves
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The dissolving of rocks, such as limestone and chalk
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The knocking together of pebbles, making them gradually smaller and smoother
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Heavy particles being rolled along the seabed
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The transport of dissolved chemicals
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A hopping movement of pebbles along the seabed
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Lighter particles carried (suspended) within the water
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Longshore drift
The transport of sediment along a stretch of coastline caused by waves approaching the beach at an angle
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A promontory of land jutting out into the sea
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A broad coastal inlet often with a beach
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Wave-cut platform
A wide, gently sloping rocky surface at the foot of a cliff
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Wave-cut notch
A small indention (or notch) cut into a cliff roughly at the level of high tide caused by concentrated marine erosion at this level
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A hollowed-out feature at the base of an eroding cliff
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A headland that has been partly broken through by the sea to form a thin-roofed arch
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An isolated pinnacle of rock sticking out of the sea
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A finger of new land made of sand or shingle, jutting out into the sea from the coast
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Salt marsh
Low-lying coastal wetland mostly extending between high and low tide
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A spit that has grown across a bay
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Shoreline Management Plan (SMP)
An integrated coastal management plan for a stretch of coastline in England and Wales
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Hard engineering
Building artificial structures such as sea walls aimed at controlling natural processes
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Soft engineering
A sustainable approach to managing the coast without using artificial structures
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Managed retreat
Allowing controlled flooding of low-lying costal areas where the value of the land is low
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Pioneer plant
The first plant species to colonise an area that is well adapted to living in a harsh enviroment
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Vegetation succession
A sequence of vegetation species colonising an environment
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A deposit of sand or shingle at the coast, often found at the head of a bay

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Mr A Gibson

You need to make sure you know your rotational slump from your mudslide, your hydraulic action from abrasion... These 36 cards will help you with some of your definitions of words and ideas. Get these printed off into your revision pack.

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