The Chemical Industry

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What chemicals do industries need thousand of tonnes of each year?
Ammonia, Sulfuric acid, Sodium Hydroxide and Phosphoric acid
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What are chemicals produced on a large scale called?
Bulk Chemicals
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What are chemicals produced on a smaller scale called?
Fine Chemicals
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What are some examples of fine chemicals?
Drugs, food additives and fragrances
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Before new chemicals are made what needs to happen?
Research and development
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Research and development takes years and what else?
Lots of money
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To make a new production proceess run efficiently, what needs to be found?
A new catalyst
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This can be found in a number of ways. What is the first way they may do this?
Process of trial and error
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How can technology find a catalyst?
Making computer models of the reaction to work ot which substance might work as a catalyst
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How can you change the catalyst, and why is this?
Designing or refining the manufacture of a catalyst so the new product can be mass produced safely, efficiently, and cost effectively
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How can you protect the environment in the production?
Investigate the risks to the environment of using the catalyst and trying to minimise them
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What is the final way to ensure a catalyst is safe?
Monitoring the quality of the product to make sure that it is not affceted by the catalyst
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What are these jobs done by?
People in the chemical industry
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What does the government place upon anything to do with chemical processes?
Strict controls
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Why are laws placed upon the chemical industry?
To protect the workers, general public and the environment
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What are the reguations on using chemicals?
They restrict how much of the chemcial can be used and for signs to be paced to warn the public
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What are the regulations on storage?
Dangerous chemicals to be stored in locked storerooms. Poisonous chemicals must be stored in either sealed containers or well-ventilated store cupboards
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What are the regulations on transports?
Lorries must display hazard symbols and I.D. numbers to help emergency services deal safely with any accidents or spills
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Card 2

Front

What are chemicals produced on a large scale called?

Back

Bulk Chemicals

Card 3

Front

What are chemicals produced on a smaller scale called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are some examples of fine chemicals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Before new chemicals are made what needs to happen?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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