The Cardiovascular System

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  • Created by: Julie
  • Created on: 20-01-14 14:52
what are the three features that make up the cardiovascular system?
The heart, blood and blood vessels
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Give four ways in which the cardiovascular system is affected during exercise?
Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, systolic/diastolic pressure
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What is the definition of heart rate?
the number of times that the heart beats per minute
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Define 'blood pressure'
the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of the blood vessels
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Producing energy with energy is known as...
Aerobic respiration
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Define anaerobic respiration
this is the production of energy without oxygen
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which of the following is an immediate physical affect of exercise: increased heart rate, increased blood pressure or increased breathing rate?
Increased breathing rate
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How do you calculate cardiac output (CO)?
stroke volume x heart rate
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define 'Cardiac Output'
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute
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What is stroke volume?
the volume of blood pumped out of the heart by each ventricle during one contraction
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High cholesterol is caused by a soluble protein called low density...
lipoproteins
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there are four different factors which can have a negative impact on the cardiovascular system. One is recreational drugs, high cholesterol, lack of exercise and... ?
Stress
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Why is rest important for the heart?
It allows the body to adapt and helps the heart to grow in size and thickness/number of capillaries increase
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Define 'rest'
the period of time that is allocated for recovery
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which two fuels are required to give energy to muscles?
Energy and oxygen
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why is it important for an athlete to rest when lactic acid builds up after a sports activity?
The athlete needs to rest in order for the blood to bring a supply of fresh oxygen
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what are the two functions of the blood in the cardiovascular system?
supply the body with oxygen and nutrients and to remove waste products such as carbon dioxide
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give four ways in which the cardiovascular system is affected during exercise?

Back

Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, systolic/diastolic pressure

Card 3

Front

What is the definition of heart rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define 'blood pressure'

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Producing energy with energy is known as...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

shauna bennett

really helpfull cards :) thankyou 

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