The Brain and The Nervous System

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What is the largest region of the brain called?
Cerebrum
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Why is this region more highly developed in humans compared to other mammals?
Enables complex thought processes
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What connects the left and right hemispheres of the brain?
Corpus collosum
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What is the role of the cerebellum?
Coordinates movement and balance
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What is the role of the hypothalamus?
Regulates homeostasis
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Where is the medulla oblongata and what is its role?
It is just above the brain stem and it controls automatic responses
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What makes up the central nervous system (CNS)?
The brain and the spinal cord
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What does the somatic nervous system do?
It controls the voluntary movement of skeletal muscles
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What does the autonomic nervous system do?
It controls the involuntary/automatic activity of the body e.g. heart rate, breathing rate
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What are the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system?
The sympathetic division and the parasympathetic division
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Which neutransmitter is used in the sympathetic division?
Noradrenaline
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Which neutransmitter is used in the parasympathetic division?
Acetylcholine
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Card 2

Front

Why is this region more highly developed in humans compared to other mammals?

Back

Enables complex thought processes

Card 3

Front

What connects the left and right hemispheres of the brain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the role of the cerebellum?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the role of the hypothalamus?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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