The body's response to stress

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  • Created by: racheon
  • Created on: 02-02-14 17:14
What is the first thing that is activated when acute stress happens?
The hypothalamus.
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What does SAM stand for?
S-Sympathetic nervous system (a branch of the autonomic nervous system [ANS]). A-Adrenal. M-Medulla.
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What does SAM release?
Adrenaline (adrenal medulla) and noradrenaline (sympathetic nervous system and adrenal medulla)
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What do adrenaline and noradrenaline prepare the body for?
The fight or flight response.
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What is the fight or flight response?
Physiological signs of stress.
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What are 2 examples of physiological signs of stress?
Increased heart rate and blood pressure.
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How does adrenaline and noradrenaline prepare the body for fight or flight?
By giving the body energy to deal with the situation by reducing the digestive system etc.
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What system kicks in when acute stress is over?
Parasympathetic.
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What does the parasympathetic system do?
Return the body back to normal.
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When does chronic stress occur?
After the SAM system uses all the body's energy.
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What does chronic stress produces to fuel the body?
A countershock response.
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What does Huge Pain in the **** (HPA) stand for?
H-Hypothalamus. P-Pituitary gland. A-Adrenal cortex.
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What is first activated in the hypothalamus pituitary adrenal pathway?
The hypothalamus.
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What does the hypothalamus produce in HPA?
Corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF).
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What does the pituitary gland release after CRF reaches it and where does it release it into? (2)
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol, and the bloodstream.
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What does the adrenal cortex release?
Corticosteroids.
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What do corticosteroids provide?
Energy.
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What do corticosteroids convert to provide energy?
Fat and protein.
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What does the energy produced from corticosteroids replace?
Fight or flight energy.
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Define stress.
The response that occurs when we think the demands being placed on us are greater than our perceived ability to cope.
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What causes stress? (3)
1. A response to something in the environment, 2. A stimulus in the environment, 3. A lack of fit between perceived demands and perceived ability to cope with these demands.
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Describe the transactional model of stress.
Actual coping ability and actual demand -> Perceived coping ability and perceived demands -> Cognitive appraisal -> Mismatch between demands and coping ability -> Feelings of stress and bodily stress response.
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What does the transactional model of stress see stress depending upon?
The persons perception of themselves and the world around them.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does SAM stand for?

Back

S-Sympathetic nervous system (a branch of the autonomic nervous system [ANS]). A-Adrenal. M-Medulla.

Card 3

Front

What does SAM release?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do adrenaline and noradrenaline prepare the body for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the fight or flight response?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

sophie

these facts are mostly incorrect

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