The Birth of Liberation - Key Terminology

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Contextual theology
Considers that the role of theology is to reflect and articulate Christian ideas in response to a particular historical situation or experience.
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CELAM
Stands for in English; Latin American Episcopal Conference.
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Bairro
Is Portuguese for "neighbourhood" and often refers to the shanty town or favela areas occupied by the poor.
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Othopraxis
Means right action.
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Orthodoxy
Means right teaching.
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Praxis
Is a critical or reflective process which moves from theory to action.
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Dialectic
Describes the creative tension between conflicting ideas or states which resolves into a synthesis. The synthesis might then find itself in conflict with a new state of affairs.
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Capitalism
Is the belief that human societies flourish best when operating in a free competitive market motivated by profit.
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Bourgeoisie
According to Marx, all those who own the means of production.
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Proletariat
According to Marx, the workers who have no ownership or direct control over production.
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False Consciousness
Describes how a person or people may hold a view of the world which they consider to be true, when in fact it is fundamentally false.
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Historical Materialism
Marx's central idea that the material forces of nature and human societies have a dialectical relationship. Matter and human minds are in constant tension.
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Development
Describes the process of improving the quality of human lives by raising living standards through an increase in incomes and levels of food production, along with growth in medical services and education.
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Dependency Theory
Describes how an external dominant political power causes a weaker political power to become dependent on it as in a master and slave relationship.
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Developmentalism
Is a negative form of development which has led to dependency. This term is used by Latin American liberation theologians.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Stands for in English; Latin American Episcopal Conference.

Back

CELAM

Card 3

Front

Is Portuguese for "neighbourhood" and often refers to the shanty town or favela areas occupied by the poor.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Means right action.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Means right teaching.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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