The Berlin Blockade and Airlift, 1948-49

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What was agreed at Yalta that could affect the Berlin blockade/airlift?
All the Powers but especially Russia would be allowed to take reparations from Germany
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What was agreed at the conference in London between Britain, France and the US?
The 3 western zones would be joined as one economic unit and they would start receiving Marshall Aid
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What happened in 1947-48 that ultimately made Western Germany and Berlin stronger?
The allies joined their zones together and introduced a new currency - the Deutschmark
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What did the Berlin town council ask for that worsened relations between allies and Russia?
To use the new Deutschmark in all of Berlin - at first allies refused but after Soviets introduced their own currency into their German zone they gave way
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Why did the Soviets harass trains and lorries travelling to Soviet zone?
Russia's reaction to disregard of Potsdam agreements as decisions were being taken by the Allies without reference to the Russians
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What happened when the allies introduced the Deutschmark to Berlin?
Stalin retaliated by cutting off all access from western Germany to Berlin by road and railway - blocking off 2 million West Berliners
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What was the difference in America's and Britain's plans to relieve the Berlin Blockade?
General Clay felt the army should fight their way to Berlin but Truman and Ernest Bevin suggested they support Berlin by air - both RAF and private pilots took part
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How many British and American planes reached Berlin each day?
British and American planes took off every 3 minutes carrying 10,000 tons of supplies to the city each day
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How many supplies did British, American and French airmen deliver to Berlin?
The British, American and French airmen flew over 278,000 flights delivering more than 2.3 million tons of supplies, nearly 70% was coal
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What did Truman do to protect his planes?
Sent his B29 bombers to bases in Britain - he believed stationing of these USAF aeroplanes in Britain was crucial
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How much did Truman get Congress to authorise in order to aid America's allies in July 1948?
$1.3 billion
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When did Stalin call off the Berlin blockade?
May 1949
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What did the Allies form after the end of the blockade and how long did it last?
They joined their zones together to create the Federal Republic of Germany which lasted until reunification in 1990
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How did the Soviets respond to the Allies joined zones and FDR?
They created the German Democratic Republic (DDR)
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What did Stalin propose in 1952?
A proposal to unite and neutralise Germany but it was rejected
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How long was Germany divided for after the Berlin airlift ending in 1949?
40 years
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was agreed at the conference in London between Britain, France and the US?

Back

The 3 western zones would be joined as one economic unit and they would start receiving Marshall Aid

Card 3

Front

What happened in 1947-48 that ultimately made Western Germany and Berlin stronger?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the Berlin town council ask for that worsened relations between allies and Russia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did the Soviets harass trains and lorries travelling to Soviet zone?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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